Amelia Earhart, the famous aviator, was born in Atchison, Kansas in 1897.
Doniphan County, Kansas, named after Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan, a hero of the Mexican-American War, has a rich and fascinating history dating back to the mid-19th century. The county's history is deeply intertwined with the westward expansion of the United States and the development of the Oregon and California Trails.

The area that is now Doniphan County was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Kansa and Iowa tribes. In the 1830s, Euro-American settlers arrived and established trading posts. With the opening of the Oregon and California Trails in the 1840s, Doniphan County became an important stop for travelers heading west. The county's geographic location along the Missouri River made it an ideal starting point for the perilous journey across the Great Plains.

During the American Civil War, Doniphan County experienced both Union and Confederate sympathies. Although it remained largely populated by Unionists, it was not immune to the conflict between the two sides. Raids and guerilla warfare occurred throughout the county, causing significant destruction and socio-political tensions.

In the late 19th century, Doniphan County experienced rapid economic growth and development. The arrival of the railroad in the 1870s facilitated access to markets, resulting in the growth of agriculture, industry, and commerce. Towns such as Wathena and Troy flourished, and the county's population increased.

Today, Doniphan County, Kansas, is a rural county known for its picturesque landscapes, historical sites, and agricultural heritage. The county boasts many well-preserved pioneer-era buildings and offers visitors a chance to explore its rich history through its museums, historic sites, and annual festivals. Despite its small population, Doniphan County's significant role in the westward expansion of the United States is still evident and celebrated to this day.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Doniphan County, Kansas.

  • 1855 - Doniphan County was established by the Kansas Territorial Legislature.
  • 1859 - The town of Troy was established as the county seat.
  • 1860 - The Pony Express began operations in Doniphan County.
  • 1864 - The Battle of the Big Blue, a significant engagement during the American Civil War, took place in Doniphan County.
  • 1870 - The first railroad reached Doniphan County, boosting the local economy.
  • 1881 - Lake Contrary, a popular recreational site, was constructed near Highland.
  • 1898 - The construction of the Cooper Nuclear Station began in the county.
  • 1944 - Part of Doniphan County was inundated due to the creation of Lewis and Clark Lake.
  • 1995 - The White Cloud Casino opened, providing a new source of revenue for the county.