Dwight D. Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas, but grew up in Abilene, Kansas.
Crawford County, Kansas, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the Native American tribes that inhabited the region for thousands of years. The area was originally home to the Osage, Kansa, and Otoe tribes, who used the land for hunting and gathering. European settlers began moving into the area in the early 19th century, and the first permanent white settlement was established in 1866.

The county was officially organized on February 13, 1867, and was named after Samuel J. Crawford, the Governor of Kansas at the time. In the late 19th century, mining became a significant industry in Crawford County, leading to a population boom and economic prosperity. The discovery of coal, zinc, and lead deposits in the region attracted thousands of miners from all over the country.

The mining industry played a vital role in the county's development, but it also faced several challenges. Labor strikes and mine disasters were common, leading to increased labor unrest and the establishment of labor unions. Despite these challenges, the mining industry continued to thrive and contribute to the county's growth until the mid-20th century.

In recent years, Crawford County has shifted its focus from mining to other sectors of the economy, such as healthcare, education, and manufacturing. Southeast Kansas Community Health Center, Pittsburg State University, and several manufacturing companies are now significant employers in the region. Additionally, Crawford County offers a variety of recreational opportunities, including parks, trails, and annual events, attracting both residents and visitors alike.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Crawford County, Kansas.

  • 1867 - Crawford County is established on February 13.
  • 1867 - The first county elections are held in April.
  • 1868 - The city of Girard is established in June.
  • 1876 - Pittsburg is founded as a coal mining town.
  • 1882 - The first railroad reaches Pittsburg in June.
  • 1887 - Pittsburg State University is established.
  • 1903 - The International Harvester Company establishes a manufacturing plant in Pittsburg.
  • 1918 - Pittsburg State University becomes a four-year college.
  • 1950 - The first housing development, Meadowbrook Addition, begins construction.
  • 1961 - The first Walmart store in Kansas opens in Pittsburg.
  • 1996 - The Pittsburg Farmers' Market is established.