Amelia Earhart, the famous aviator, was born in Atchison, Kansas in 1897.
Atchison County, KS, located in the northeastern part of the state, has a rich history that dates back to the 1800s. The region was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Kansa and Ioway, who lived off the land and relied on the Missouri River for transportation and trade.

In the early 1800s, European explorers made their way to the region, and in 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act opened the area to settlement. Atchison County was officially established in 1855 and named after David Rice Atchison, a prominent senator from Missouri. The county quickly attracted settlers, who were drawn to its fertile farmland and ample natural resources.

During the mid-1800s, Atchison County became a significant transportation hub. It was a crucial stop on the Pony Express route, a mail delivery service that connected the East and West coasts. The county was also an important stop on the Underground Railroad, with many abolitionists aiding escaping slaves on their journey to freedom.

In the late 19th century, Atchison County saw further growth and development. The city of Atchison became a booming industrial center, with a thriving manufacturing sector and a busy river port. The county was also home to several educational institutions, including Benedictine College, which was founded in 1858.

Today, Atchison County continues to celebrate its history and heritage through various cultural events and museums. The area's beauty and historical significance attract visitors from near and far, making it a popular destination for those interested in exploring the history of this vibrant community.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Atchison County, Kansas.

  • 1854 - Atchison County established as a county in Kansas Territory
  • 1855 - First election held in Atchison County
  • 1856 - Atchison becomes an incorporated city
  • 1860 - Population of Atchison County reaches over 8,000
  • 1863 - Atchison experiences a severe flood, causing significant damage
  • 1867 - Atchison County Fair established
  • 1872 - Construction of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad begins
  • 1887 - Benedictine College founded in Atchison
  • 1919 - Amelia Earhart born in Atchison
  • 1920 - Atchison County population peaks at over 20,000
  • 1933 - The Great Depression impacts Atchison County, leading to economic challenges
  • 1954 - Atchison celebrates its centennial
  • 1964 - Northeast Kansas Flood causes significant damage in Atchison County
  • 2005 - Snowstorm hits Atchison County, leaving the county without power for days
  • 2010 - Atchison County population is over 16,000