National Register Listings in
Vigo County, Indiana

Allen Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church Bethany Congregational Church Building at 23-27 S. Sixth Street Building at 510-516 Ohio Street Building at 810 Wabash Avenue Butternut Hill Carr's Hall Citizens' Trust Company Building Collett Park Collett Park Neighborhood Historic District Condit House Debs, Eugene V., House Dresser, Paul, Birthplace Ehrmann Building Farington's Grove Historic District Fire Station No. 9 First Congregational Church First National Bank Greenwood Elementary School Highland Lawn Cemetery Hippodrome Theatre House at 823 Ohio Street Indiana Theatre Linton Township High School and Community Building Markle House and Mill Site Miller-Parrott Baking Company Building New Goshen District No. 2 School Ohio Boulevard-Demming Park Historic District Rea Park Rocky Edge Sage-Robinson-Nagel House Saint Mary-of-the-Woods Historic District Senour, Frank, Round Barn Star Building State Bank of Indiana, Branch of (Memorial Hall) State Normal Library Terminal Arcade Terre Haute City Hall Terre Haute Fire Station No. 8 Terre Haute Masonic Temple Terre Haute Post Office and Federal Building Terre Haute YMCA Building Twelve Points Historic District Vigo County Courthouse Vigo County Home for Dependent Children Wabash Avenue East Historic District (Boundary Increase) Wabash Avenue-East Historic District Wabash Avenue-East Historic District (Boundary Increase and Decrease) Wabash Avenue-West Historic District Washington, Booker T., School Williams-Warren-Zimmerman House Wilson, Woodrow, Junior High School
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway, which hosts the Indy 500, was originally built as a test track for car manufacturers. The first race was held in 1909 and it has since become one of the most famous race tracks in the world.

Vigo County, located in Indiana, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Shawnee, Miami, and Delaware. European settlers arrived in the late 18th century, and the region became a popular trading post due to its location along the Wabash River.

In 1816, Vigo County was established and named after Colonel Francis Vigo, an Italian immigrant who aided the American revolutionaries during the War of Independence. The county experienced rapid growth during the 19th century, thanks to its favorable location for trade and transportation. It became an important center for agriculture, manufacturing, and commerce. The city of Terre Haute, the county seat, became a hub for railroads and the coal industry, further fueling economic development.

Vigo County played a significant role in the Civil War. It was a key stop on the Underground Railroad, assisting escaping slaves in their journey northward. Several residents served in the Union Army, and Terre Haute became an important location for military training and production. The county's economic growth continued in the following decades, with the establishment of various industries and institutions, including Indiana State University in 1865.

In the 20th century, Vigo County went through periods of prosperity and challenges. The Great Depression and the decline of the coal industry brought hardships to the area, but efforts to diversify the economy led to the establishment of new industries and the revitalization of downtown Terre Haute. Today, Vigo County remains an important economic and cultural center in Indiana, known for its educational institutions, diverse industries, and historical landmarks.

  • Vigo County was established by an act of the Indiana General Assembly on January 21, 1818.
  • The county was named after Colonel Francis Vigo, a Revolutionary War hero and prominent local merchant.
  • Terre Haute became the county seat of Vigo County in 1818, and it remains the county seat to this day.
  • The county experienced rapid growth in the mid-19th century due to the arrival of the railroad and the growth of the coal and iron industries.
  • In 1863, during the Civil War, the Battle of Fort Harrison took place in Vigo County, resulting in a Union victory.
  • The early 20th century brought significant urban development to the county, with the expansion of manufacturing and the establishment of Indiana State University in Terre Haute.
  • Vigo County played a notable role in the 1920s as the headquarters of the Indiana Ku Klux Klan, which had gained significant political power in the state.
  • Throughout the 20th century, Vigo County remained a center for industry, agriculture, and education, with the continued growth of Terre Haute and surrounding communities.
  • In recent years, the county has faced economic challenges, similar to many Rust Belt areas, but continues to be a vibrant and diverse community.