Indiana is the birthplace of the first black Supreme Court Justice, Thurgood Marshall. He was born in Baltimore, Maryland, but grew up in Indiana, where he attended high school and college.

Elkhart County, located in the northern part of Indiana, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Miami and Potawatomi, who relied on the fertile land and abundant wildlife for their livelihoods.

European settlement began in the early 19th century, with the establishment of the Elkhart Prairie Trading Post by French traders. The area quickly attracted settlers due to its agricultural potential and proximity to the St. Joseph River, which provided a vital transportation route. Elkhart County was officially formed in 1830 and named after the river that flows through it.

The arrival of the railroad in the 1850s further boosted the county's growth and economic development. Elkhart became a major railway hub, attracting industries and businesses. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Elkhart County experienced significant industrial expansion, particularly in the manufacturing of musical instruments, automobiles, and recreational vehicles.

In recent years, Elkhart County has continued to evolve and diversify its economy. The RV industry remains a significant contributor to the county's economy, earning it the title of the "RV Capital of the World." Additionally, Elkhart County has a vibrant arts and culture scene, with numerous museums, theaters, and galleries, as well as a thriving Amish community that adds to the county's unique character.

  • 1700s: Native American tribes, including the Miami and Potawatomi, inhabit the region that is now Elkhart County
  • 1790: The first European settlers arrive in the area
  • 1830s: Elkhart County is officially established, named after the Elkhart River
  • 1851: The city of Elkhart is incorporated
  • 1852: The New York Central Railroad reaches Elkhart, boosting the local economy
  • Late 19th century: Elkhart becomes a major center for the production of musical instruments
  • Early 20th century: The automotive industry brings further growth and prosperity to Elkhart
  • 1920s: Elkhart becomes known as the "Band Instrument Capital of the World"
  • Mid-20th century: Elkhart experiences significant industrial development and diversification
  • Late 20th century: The county becomes a hub for recreational vehicle (RV) manufacturing
  • 2008: Elkhart County is heavily affected by the Great Recession and experiences a significant decline in the RV industry
  • Present: Elkhart County continues to strive for economic recovery and diversification