Historical Markers in
St. Clair County, Illinois

101 W State Street 1010 Pennsylvania Avenue 102 W State Street 10th Street and Piggott Ave. 10th Street and Trendley Ave. 119 E First Street 122 E State Street 123 E First Street 126 E State Street 13 Star Day 1700 Bond Avenue 1968 Air Mobility Command 220 E State Street 225 W First Street 621 N. 9th Street 700 East Broadway Aeromedical Evacuation Legacy Team Air Mobility Air Refueling Air Transportation Specialist Airlift Airlift Hall of Fame Memorial Army Air Corps Enlisted Pilots Belleville Public Square Belleville Savings Bank Berger-Kiel House C-130E Hercules C-140A Jetstar C-141B Starlifter C-17 Pathfinder Loadmasters C-21A C-9A Nightingale Cahokia Cahokia - The Birthplace of the Midwest Cahokia Association for the Tricentennial Cahokia Courthouse Cahokia Mounds Callery Pear Tree Carrie Thomas Alexander-Bahrenburg Caseyville War Memorial Chief Pontiac Christian "Buddy" Ebsen Church of the Holy Family Col Gail S. Halvorsen Collinsville at St. Louis Avenue Colonel Earl B. Young Colonel Joe M. Jackson Colonel Lawrence "Rocky" Lane Dedicated to Coal Miners of Southern Illinois Dedicated to our Honored Dead Dedicated to the Memory of Our Honored Heroes Dedicated to the Men and Women of the United States Deidesheimer's Dry Goods Store Die Lateiner von Shiloh Tal Donald W. Douglas Dorothea Deichmann Millinery Ebeling - Maurer House Edward A. Daley Ever and Anon Park Fairmont City Fort Bowman Freedom Village French-Colonial Home Site Of Jean Baptiste Hamelin Gen Carl A. "Tooey" Spatz Gen Laurence S. Kuter Gen Robert E. "Dutch" Huyser Gen William G. Moore Jr. General Duane H. Cassidy General Ronald R Fogleman General Thomas M. Ryan Jr. General Walter Kross George Blair Grand Plaza Gustavus Koerner Gustavus P. Koerner / Sophia Engelmann Koerner Harold E. Goettler Helen Carolyn Dorothy Saegesser Church Historic Garfield Street Saloon Honor Illinois in the American Revolution Illinois Remembers POW/MIA In Honor of all who Served During the Korean War In Memory of All American Veterans In Memory of Those who Served in all Wars Interpretive Center Track Jarrot Mansion Jenkins Publishing Company John and Lena Hotz John F. Shea John Jacob Hays John Messinger, 1771-1846 Julius Liese Kastel Electric KC-135E Stratotanker Leon Henry Church Les Mueller Lest We Forget Lewis and Clark in Illinois Lewis and Clark in Illinois Liederkranz Lieutenant General Ira C. Eaker Log Cabin Lt Gen Harold L. George Lt Gen Joseph Smith Lt Gen William H. Tunner Lyman Trumbull Maj Gen Cyrus R. "C. R." Smith Maj Gen Winston P "Wimpy" Wilson Maj. Gen Robert. Patterson Major Gen James I. "Bagger' Baginiski Major General Paul L. Williams Malcolm W. Martin Memorial Park Marissa Academy Martin-Boismenue House Memorial to Veterans of all Wars Mermaid House Hotel Millstadt Crusaders Mississippi River Overlook Mound 50 Mound 51 Mound 72 MSGT Roy W. Hooe N. 13th St. and Nectar Ave. N. 18th St. and Parsons Ave. N. 3rd St. and Missouri Ave. N. 4th St. and Division Ave. N. 9th St. & St. Clair Ave. N. 9th St. and Gross Ave. Nancy Harkness Love Ninian Edwards Old Bethel Baptist Church O'Fallon Veterans Monument Parks Air College Peters Saloon Pioneers of Aerial Refueling Reichert Business Block Revolutionary War Memorial Robert E Hullium Robert "Bob" Goalby Roll of Honor Romeiser Building Ruth A. Sterling S. 4th St. and E. Broadway S. 4th St. and E. Broadway S. 4th St. and Railroad Ave. S. 5th St. and Railroad Ave. S. 6th St. and Railroad Ave. S. 8th St. and Brady Ave. S. 8th St. and E. Broadway Scott's main Gate Sergeant William H. Pitsenbarger Sgt John L. Levitow Sir Alan Cobham, KBE, AFC Site of Old St. Clair County Courthouse 1861-1972 St. Clair National Bank St. Louis Downtown Airport (Parks Airport) Summerfield Cemetery Team Scott 9/11 Memorial The 1st Illinois Freedom Rock The Airlift / Tanker Association The Deneen Family The Fairmont City Library Center The Gateway Geyser The Grand Plan The Inspiration The Mississippi Bubble The Sept 11 Memorial Walkway Theodor Erasmus Hilgard This Log Cabin To Honor Those Who Served Our Country Truelight Baptist Church U.S. Center of Population 1970-1980 Venice High School Bell Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans of Foreign Wars Village of West Belleville Washington Theatre Welcome To Historic Village of Cahokia Wennerman Park Veterans Memorial Winstanley Settlement York You Are Walking Where a Cahokia Neighborhood Once Stood
The Illinois State Fair, which takes place annually in Springfield, is one of the oldest state fairs in the United States. The fair was first held in 1853 and features a variety of agricultural displays, carnival rides, and live entertainment.

St. Clair County, Illinois, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the early 18th century. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Cahokia and Illinois tribes, who lived along the Mississippi River. In the early 1700s, French explorers, such as Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette, arrived in the area and established a fur trading post near present-day Cahokia. This marked the beginning of European settlement in St. Clair County.

In 1763, the area came under British control following the French and Indian War. However, after the American Revolutionary War, the region was ceded to the new United States as part of the Northwest Territory. St. Clair County was officially established in 1790 and named after Arthur St. Clair, a Revolutionary War officer. It was one of the first counties in the Illinois Territory and included a vast area that extended beyond the borders of present-day Illinois.

Throughout the 19th century, St. Clair County experienced significant growth and development. The county became a transportation hub with the opening of the National Road in the early 1830s, which connected the region to the eastern seaboard. The construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal in the 1840s further enhanced transportation in the area.

St. Clair County was also a key player in the industrial revolution. Coal mining became a major industry in the county, with numerous mines opening in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The county's proximity to St. Louis, Missouri, and its growing industrialization also contributed to St. Clair County's growth.

Today, St. Clair County continues to thrive as an important economic and cultural center in Illinois. It is home to major cities and towns, including Belleville, East St. Louis, and O'Fallon. The county boasts a diverse population and offers a multitude of attractions and amenities, from historical sites to recreational opportunities. Its rich history plays an important role in shaping the county's identity and continues to be celebrated by its residents.

  • 1790 - St. Clair County is established as part of the Northwest Territory.
  • 1809 - Illinois Territory is created, and St. Clair County is incorporated as part of the new territory.
  • 1818 - Illinois becomes a state, and St. Clair County remains a part of it.
  • 1820 - Belleville is established as the county seat of St. Clair County.
  • 1841 - St. Clair County experiences a severe cholera epidemic, resulting in many deaths.
  • 1861 - The American Civil War begins, and St. Clair County contributes soldiers to the Union Army.
  • 1945 - Scott Air Force Base is established in St. Clair County, bringing economic growth to the area.
  • 1974 - East St. Louis faces a financial crisis, leading to the creation of the St. Clair County Intergovernmental Grants Department to manage federal funds.
  • 2010 - St. Clair County's population reaches over 270,000, and it remains an important part of the state of Illinois.