National Register Listings in
Sangamon County, Illinois

Bolivia Road Bridge Boult, H. P., House Bressmer-Baker House Bretz, John F., House and Warehouse Brinkerhoff, George M., House Brunk Farmstead Caldwell Farmstead Camp Butler National Cemetery Camp Lincoln Commissary Building Central Springfield Historic District Central Springfield Historic District (Boundary Increase and Additional Documentation) Central Springfield Historic District (Boundary Increase) Christ Episcopal Church Clayville Tavern Compton, Dr. Charles, House Dana, Susan Lawrence, House Edwards Place Executive Mansion Fisher Building-Latham Block Flagg, Cornelius, Farmstead Freeman, Clarkson W., House Garvey, Hugh M., House Gottschalk, Fred, Grocery Store Graham, Cong. James M., House Great Western Railroad Depot Heimberger House Hickox Apartments Hickox, Virgil, House Iles, Elijah, House Illinois Department of Mines and Minerals-Springfield Mine Rescue Station Illinois Route 4-North of Auburn Illinois State Capitol Illinois State Fairgrounds Jennings Ford Automobile Dealership Keys, Alvin S., House Lazy A Motel Lewis, John L., House Lincoln Colored Home Lincoln Home National Historic Site Lincoln Tomb Lincoln, Abraham, Memorial Garden Lindsay, Vachel, House Maid-Rite Sandwich Shop Miller, Bell, Apartments Miller, Joseph, House Oak Ridge Cemetery Old State Capitol Power Farmstead Price-Prather House Price/Wheeler House Rippon-Kinsella House Ross, Joseph, House Route 66 by Carpenter Park Route 66 South of Lake Springfield St. Nicholas Hotel Strawbridge-Shepherd House Sugar Creek Covered Bridge Taft Farmstead Taylor Apartments Tiger-Anderson House Town House, The Union Station US ARMY Aircraft P-51D-25NA 44-73287 Washington Park Weber, Howard K., House Yates, Gov. Richard, House
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The state of Illinois played a crucial role in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves to escape to freedom in the 19th century. Many abolitionists in Illinois provided safe houses for escaping slaves, and Chicago was a key hub on the Underground Railroad.
Sangamon County, located in central Illinois, has a rich history that dates back to the Native American settlements of the Kickapoo and Illinois tribes. In the early 1800s, European settlers started arriving, and the area became known for its fertile prairies that were ideal for farming. The county was officially established on January 30, 1821, and was named after the Sangamon River that runs through it.

One of the county's most significant historical moments took place in the 1830s when a young lawyer named Abraham Lincoln settled in Springfield, the county seat of Sangamon. Lincoln would go on to become one of the most influential figures in American history, practicing law and serving in the Illinois State Legislature before becoming the 16th President of the United States.

During the mid-19th century, Sangamon County played a pivotal role in the abolitionist movement and the Underground Railroad. Prominent activists like Sojourner Truth and Frederick Douglass made appearances in Springfield, contributing to the county's reputation as a hub of anti-slavery sentiment.

In the 20th century, Sangamon County experienced rapid industrialization. The automotive industry became a major employer, with several automobile manufacturing plants operating in the area. Additionally, the county became an important center for coal mining, attracting workers from surrounding regions.

Today, Sangamon County continues to thrive as a vibrant community with a diverse economy and a strong focus on education and culture. The county remains closely tied to its historical roots, with many landmarks and historical sites dedicated to preserving the memory and legacy of Abraham Lincoln, making it a popular destination for history enthusiasts and tourists.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Sangamon County, Illinois.

  • 1818 - Sangamon County is officially formed on January 30 as part of the Illinois Territory.
  • 1821 - The town of Springfield is designated as the county seat.
  • 1832 - Abraham Lincoln, future 16th President of the United States, arrives in New Salem, located in Sangamon County.
  • 1837 - The State Capitol is moved from Vandalia to Springfield, solidifying the city's role as a political center.
  • 1842 - The first Sangamon County Courthouse is completed in Springfield.
  • 1856 - The Illinois State Journal, a prominent newspaper, is established in Springfield.
  • 1908 - The Sangamon County Building, now known as the Old State Capitol, becomes a historical landmark.
  • 1909 - Construction of the current Sangamon County Courthouse is completed.
  • 1930 - The Sangamon County Historical Society is formed to preserve and promote the county's history.
  • 1962 - The Sangamon County Historical Society opens the Edwards Place Historic Site, a historic house museum in Springfield.
  • 1982 - The first Lincoln's Festival on Route 66 is held in Springfield, celebrating Abraham Lincoln's ties to the county.
  • 2004 - The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum opens in Springfield, attracting visitors from around the world.