Historical Markers in
Sangamon County, Illinois

1859-1911 A Day With the Lincolns A Lot of Activism in the Neighborhood A National Cemetery System A Place to Call Home A Springfield Kitchen Garden Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln - Eighth Judicial District Abraham Lincoln - Eighth Judicial District Abraham Lincoln - Eighth Judicial District Abraham Lincoln and the Talisman Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Train Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address Abraham Lincoln's Tomb Acts of Intolerance All Gave Some, Some Gave All Allen Miller House Animal Problems Boyhood Home of Julius Rosenwald Brunwick's Billiard Hall Building the Lincoln Tomb C. M. & S. Smith Store Camp Butler Camp Butler Camp Butler National Cemetery Campaign Poles Charles Arnold House Charles Corneau House Clayville Clayville Tavern Colonel Ulysses S. Grant Confederate Burials in the National Cemetery Cook's Hall Corneau & Diller Drug Store Cozy Dog Drive In, Springfield, Illinois Curran's Jewelry Shop Daily Life in 1860 Dana Thomas House Departure Point of The Donner Party Economic and Ethnic Diversity in Springfield First Cabin in Springfield First Resting Place of Abraham Lincoln Florville's Barber Shop Garden Club Volunteers General John A. McClernand George W. Shutt House Globe Tavern Great Western Depot Great Western Railroad Depot Harriett Dean House Henson Lyon House Henson Robinson House Highway Tree Planting Historic Route 66 Illinois Hutchinson Cemetery & Springfield High School Illinois Remembers POW/MIA Illinois State Military Museum Illinois State Register Illinois State University - Concordia Seminary Illinois Terminal System In Memory of Abraham Lincoln In Their Springfield Prime Jesse K. Dubois House Joshua Speed's Store Julia Sprigg House Kenneth Belton Leaping Lincoln Lest We Forget Lincoln and Animals Lincoln Home National Historic Site Lincoln Memorial Garden Lincoln the Leader Lincoln-Era Fire Companies Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices Lincoln's Carriage Maker Lincoln's Dentist Lincoln's Final Journey Lincoln's Hat Lincoln's Home Becomes a Shrine Lincoln's Horse Lincoln's Landscape Lincoln's Last Law Office Lincoln's Springfield Lincoln’s Farewell to Springfield Lincoln’s Tomb Lindbergh Field Lithuanians in Springfield Maid-Rite Sandwich Shop Mary Lincoln's Circle of Friends Mary Lincoln's Family Mary Lincoln's Ring Oak Ridge Cemetery's Original Entrance Old State Capitol Our Fallen Illinois Service Members Peter Cartwright Pioneer Park Politics in the Neighborhood Potawatomi Trail of Death Potawatomi Trail of Death Potawatomi Trail of Death Potawatomi Trail of Death President-Elect Abraham Lincoln Receiving Vault Reconstruction and Renovation Republican Wigwams Reservoir Park and Lanphier High School Revolutionary War Patriots Robert Stuart Fitzgerald Boyhood Home Sarah Cook House Soldiers of the American Revolution Soldiers of the War of 1812 Solomon Allen Barn Some Exterior Features Spanish American War Memorial Springfield Home for the Friendless / Family Service Center Springfield, Illinois Stephen A. Douglas Streetscape 1859 Streetscape 1859 Streetscape 1859 Stuart and Lincoln Law Office Surveyor Presidents Temporary Tombs The 1858 Senate Campaign The American House The Architect and the Founder The Bath & Barber Shop The Children's Lincoln The Early American Farming Community The Edwards Trace The Golden Years The Grave of Abraham Lincoln The History of Union Station The Lincoln Boys in 1854 The Lincoln Depot The Lincoln Descendants The Lincoln Tomb Custodian's Residence The Long Road to Washington The Lyceum The People Lincoln Knew The State Capitol The Temporary Vault The Underground Railroad in Lincoln's Neighborhood The Wedding of the Rose and the Lotus The Williamsville Depot This Vault Veterans Memorial Virgil Hickox Home Welcome to the Park! What Did Abraham Lincoln Eat? When the Wagons Rolled William Beedle House "My Hand will Never be Given where my Heart is Not."
Illinois was part of the French colonial empire, and the city of Cahokia, located near present-day Collinsville, was one of the largest pre-Columbian cities in North America. At its peak, around 1250 CE, Cahokia had a population of around 20,000 people.
Sangamon County, located in central Illinois, has a rich history that dates back to the Native American settlements of the Kickapoo and Illinois tribes. In the early 1800s, European settlers started arriving, and the area became known for its fertile prairies that were ideal for farming. The county was officially established on January 30, 1821, and was named after the Sangamon River that runs through it.

One of the county's most significant historical moments took place in the 1830s when a young lawyer named Abraham Lincoln settled in Springfield, the county seat of Sangamon. Lincoln would go on to become one of the most influential figures in American history, practicing law and serving in the Illinois State Legislature before becoming the 16th President of the United States.

During the mid-19th century, Sangamon County played a pivotal role in the abolitionist movement and the Underground Railroad. Prominent activists like Sojourner Truth and Frederick Douglass made appearances in Springfield, contributing to the county's reputation as a hub of anti-slavery sentiment.

In the 20th century, Sangamon County experienced rapid industrialization. The automotive industry became a major employer, with several automobile manufacturing plants operating in the area. Additionally, the county became an important center for coal mining, attracting workers from surrounding regions.

Today, Sangamon County continues to thrive as a vibrant community with a diverse economy and a strong focus on education and culture. The county remains closely tied to its historical roots, with many landmarks and historical sites dedicated to preserving the memory and legacy of Abraham Lincoln, making it a popular destination for history enthusiasts and tourists.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Sangamon County, Illinois.

  • 1818 - Sangamon County is officially formed on January 30 as part of the Illinois Territory.
  • 1821 - The town of Springfield is designated as the county seat.
  • 1832 - Abraham Lincoln, future 16th President of the United States, arrives in New Salem, located in Sangamon County.
  • 1837 - The State Capitol is moved from Vandalia to Springfield, solidifying the city's role as a political center.
  • 1842 - The first Sangamon County Courthouse is completed in Springfield.
  • 1856 - The Illinois State Journal, a prominent newspaper, is established in Springfield.
  • 1908 - The Sangamon County Building, now known as the Old State Capitol, becomes a historical landmark.
  • 1909 - Construction of the current Sangamon County Courthouse is completed.
  • 1930 - The Sangamon County Historical Society is formed to preserve and promote the county's history.
  • 1962 - The Sangamon County Historical Society opens the Edwards Place Historic Site, a historic house museum in Springfield.
  • 1982 - The first Lincoln's Festival on Route 66 is held in Springfield, celebrating Abraham Lincoln's ties to the county.
  • 2004 - The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum opens in Springfield, attracting visitors from around the world.