The Chicago Mercantile Exchange, one of the largest futures exchanges in the world, was founded in Chicago in 1898. The exchange allows traders to buy and sell futures contracts for commodities like corn, soybeans, and crude oil.
Jo Daviess County, located in the state of Illinois, has a rich and diverse history. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Sioux, Fox, and Iroquois, who primarily used the land for hunting and gathering. European settlers began arriving in the early 1800s, attracted by the fertile soil and opportunities for trade along the Mississippi River.

The county was officially established in 1827 and named after Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, a prominent politician and soldier during the War of 1812. The early settlers were primarily farmers who relied on subsistence agriculture to sustain their communities. Jo Daviess County also played a significant role in commerce, with trading posts and riverboat traffic flourishing along the Mississippi River.

In the mid-19th century, the discovery of lead deposits in the area brought a surge of economic growth to Jo Daviess County. Lead mines were established, attracting miners from across the country. The county quickly became one of the leading producers of lead in the United States, leading to the development of towns such as Galena, which became a thriving mining community.

As the lead mining industry declined in the late 19th century, Jo Daviess County shifted its focus to agriculture and tourism. Today, the county is known for its picturesque landscape, historic sites, and thriving wine industry. Visitors can explore the charming streets of Galena, take in scenic views of the Mississippi River, and enjoy various outdoor activities in the beautiful countryside.

In summary, Jo Daviess County has a diverse history that includes Native American settlements, the rise and decline of the lead mining industry, and a transition to agriculture and tourism. The county continues to attract visitors with its historic charm and natural beauty.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Jo Daviess County, Illinois.

  • 1827: Jo Daviess County is officially established by the Illinois General Assembly.
  • 1828: The county's first permanent settler, Daniel Hale, arrives and establishes a homestead.
  • 1829: Lead mining becomes a major industry in the county, leading to increased settlement and economic growth.
  • 1833: The county seat is established in Galena.
  • 1837: Galena becomes a thriving trade center, fueled by lead mining and river transportation.
  • 1845: The construction of the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad begins, connecting Galena to the growing city of Chicago.
  • 1850: The population of Jo Daviess County reaches its peak with over 27,000 residents.
  • 1858: Ulysses S. Grant, future 18th President of the United States, moves to Galena and works as a clerk at a leather goods store.
  • 1861: The American Civil War begins, and Galena becomes a significant supplier of lead and other materials for the Union Army.
  • 1865: The Civil War ends, and Galena experiences a decline in economic prosperity.
  • 1876: The state's centennial celebration is held in Galena, attracting many visitors to the county.
  • 20th century: The county transitions to a more diverse economy with a focus on agriculture and tourism.