National Register Listings in
Champaign County, Illinois

Ahrens, Henry, House Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity House Alpha Delta Pi Sorority House Alpha Gamma Delta Fraternity House Alpha Phi Fraternity House-Beta Alpha Chapter Alpha Rho Chi Fraternity House Alpha Xi Delta Sorority Chapter House Altgeld Hall, University of Illinois Beta Theta Pi Fraternity House Building at 201 North Market Street Building at 203-205 North Market Street Burnham Athenaeum Cattle Bank Champaign Downtown Commercial District Chanute Field Historic District Chemical Laboratory Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity House Delta Upsilon Fraternity House Downtown Urbana Historic District Elm Street Court Farm House Gamma Phi Beta Sorority House Georgian, The Greek Revival Cottage Griggs, Clark R., House Hazen Bridge Illinois Traction Building Inman Hotel Kappa Delta Rho Fraternity House Kappa Kappa Gamma Sorority House Kappa Sigma Fraternity House Library-University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Lincoln (Statue) Lincoln Building Mattis, George and Elsie, House Metal Shop Military Drill Hall and Men's Gymnasium Morrow Plots, University of Illinois Natural History Building New Orpheum Theatre Phi Delta Theta Fraternity House Phi Mu Sorority House Ricker, Nathan C., House Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity House Smith, Tina Weedon, Memorial Hall Solon, Francis and Abbie, House Squires, Frederick, House Stone Arch Bridge U.S. Post Office Unitarian Church of Urbana University of Illinois Astronomical Observatory University of Illinois Experimental Dairy Farm Historic District University of Illinois Observatory Urbana-Lincoln Hotel-Lincoln Square Mall Virginia Theater Vriner's Confectionery Warm Air Research House Wee Haven Women's Gymnasium, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Women's Residence Hall-West Residence Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Chicago's Lincoln Park Zoo was founded in 1868, making it one of the oldest zoos in the United States. The zoo originally housed a pair of swans, but it has since grown to house over 1,000 animals from around the world.
Champaign County, located in central Illinois, has a rich history that spans over two centuries. The region was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Chippewa, who utilized the land for hunting and agriculture. European settlers began to arrive in the area in the early 19th century, drawn to the fertile soil and abundant natural resources.

In 1833, Champaign County was officially established, named after the prominent Champaign County in Ohio. The county seat was initially located in a small village called Urbana, which has remained the county's central hub for government, commerce, and education. The early settlers played a crucial role in developing the area's infrastructure, establishing schools, and creating a sense of community.

The arrival of the Illinois Central Railroad in the 1850s played a significant role in the county's development, connecting towns and facilitating trade. The railroad brought increased economic opportunities, leading to the establishment of new industries and a growing population. Agriculture also played a vital role in Champaign County's economy, with farmers taking advantage of the fertile soil to grow a variety of crops such as corn, soybeans, and wheat.

Over the years, Champaign County has become known for its educational institutions. In 1867, the University of Illinois was founded in Urbana, which quickly became a leading research institution. The university's presence has greatly influenced the county, attracting scholars, businesses, and cultural activities. Today, Champaign County remains a vibrant and prosperous area, with a strong emphasis on education, agriculture, and innovation.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Champaign County, Illinois.

  • 1833: Champaign County is established
  • 1835: First public land sales occur in the county
  • 1850: Population reaches 5,243
  • 1855: Illinois Central Railroad begins operating in Champaign County
  • 1868: University of Illinois is founded in Champaign
  • 1893: Urbana becomes the county seat
  • 1909: First paved road is constructed in the county
  • 1942: Chanute Air Force Base is established near Rantoul
  • 1954: Memorial Stadium is built at the University of Illinois
  • 1968: Interstate 57 opens, connecting Champaign County to Chicago
  • 2000: Champaign County's population reaches 179,669