National Register Listings in
Calhoun County, Illinois

The Chicago Cubs baseball team has the longest championship drought in North American professional sports history. The Cubs won their last World Series in 1908, and they famously ended their 108-year championship drought by winning the World Series in 2016.
Calhoun County, located in western Illinois, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, particularly the Illinois and Kickapoo tribes, who utilized the fertile land and abundant natural resources for their sustenance and livelihood.

In the early 19th century, European settlers began to venture into the area. It was named after John C. Calhoun, a prominent politician and Vice President of the United States from 1825 to 1832. Calhoun County was officially established in 1825, making it one of the oldest counties in Illinois.

Due to its agricultural potential, farming became an essential industry in Calhoun County. The county's fertile soil and proximity to the Mississippi River facilitated the growth of crops such as corn, wheat, and tobacco. In addition to agriculture, the region also became known for its sand, which played a significant role in glass and pottery production.

Calhoun County had a close relationship with the Mississippi River, with steamboats and river transport being vital for connecting the county to the rest of the state and beyond. The river was not only a means of transportation but also supported commerce and trade, further contributing to the county's economic development.

In summary, Calhoun County, Illinois, has a diverse and significant history that spans centuries. From its Native American roots to its establishment as one of the oldest counties in the state, the county has been shaped by agriculture, the Mississippi River, and the contributions of its residents.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Calhoun County, Illinois.

  • 1815 - Calhoun County established as part of Illinois Territory
  • 1825 - Prominent politician John C. Calhoun becomes Vice President of the United States
  • 1825 - County name changed from Pike County to Calhoun County in honor of Vice President Calhoun
  • 1839 - County seat established in Hardin
  • 1850 - Population reaches over 5,000 due to farming and river trade
  • 1861-1865 - Calhoun County residents participate in the American Civil War
  • 1873 - Ferry service begins operating between Calhoun County and Missouri
  • 1898 - Oil and gas production begins, leading to economic growth
  • 1940s-1950s - Decline in population and agricultural activity as young residents move to cities
  • 1960s-1970s - Tourism becomes an important industry, attracting visitors to explore the county's natural beauty and water activities
  • 1993 - Flooding along the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers causes significant damage to the county
  • Present - Calhoun County continues to be known for its scenic landscapes, hunting opportunities, and small-town charm