Idaho was one of the last states in the US to grant women the right to vote. Women in Idaho were granted suffrage in 1896, four years before the 19th Amendment was ratified.
Payette County, ID, located in the southwestern part of the state, has a rich history that spans over a century. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Nez Perce and Shoshone tribes, who thrived off the land's resources. However, the arrival of European immigrants in the mid-19th century marked a significant turning point in the county's development.

In 1863, Payette County was officially established by the territorial legislature of Idaho. It was named after the Payette River, which flows through the county and played a crucial role in the region's economy. The river provided irrigation for farming and served as a transportation route for early settlers and their goods.

During the late 1800s, Payette County experienced rapid growth with the expansion of railroads. The Oregon Short Line Railroad, completed in 1883, connected the county to the national rail network, opening up new opportunities for trade and commerce. Agriculture flourished as farmers were able to transport their produce more efficiently, and fruit orchards became a prominent feature of the local economy.

The early 20th century brought further advancements to Payette County. In 1902, the primary irrigation system was developed, allowing for more extensive cultivation of crops like apples, cherries, and peaches. This led to an agricultural boom that transformed the county into a prosperous farming community known for its fruit production.

In recent decades, Payette County has seen continuous growth and development. While agriculture remains an essential industry, the county has also diversified its economy, with manufacturing, retail, and healthcare sectors becoming increasingly prominent. The county continues to embrace its heritage while embracing modern opportunities for growth and progress.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Payette County, Idaho.

  • 1863: Payette County is established by the Territorial Legislature of the Idaho Territory.
  • 1885: The Oregon Short Line Railroad is completed, connecting Payette County to the national railway network.
  • 1891: The town of Payette is incorporated.
  • 1907: The Payette Irrigation District is formed, leading to significant agricultural development in the area.
  • 1933: The Payette National Forest is established, providing recreational opportunities and protecting the local environment.
  • 1950s: The construction of the New Plymouth Dam leads to the creation of the Lake Cascade reservoir.
  • 1972: The Bureau of Reclamation completes the construction of the Black Canyon Dam, forming the Black Canyon Reservoir.
  • 1992: The Payette River, flowing through the county, is designated as a National Wild and Scenic River.
  • 2000s: The county experiences population growth and economic diversification, with increasing focus on tourism and outdoor recreation.