Historical Markers in
Lincoln County, Idaho

Idaho was the first state to have a complete statewide system of television broadcasting. KIDO-TV, now KTVB, began broadcasting in Boise in 1953, and within a few years, the entire state was covered by a network of television stations.
Lincoln County, located in the southeastern part of Idaho, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. Before European settlers arrived, the area was home to the Shoshone-Bannock tribes, who relied on hunting, gathering, and fishing for sustenance. The Lewis and Clark expedition passed through the region in 1805, increasing the presence of explorers and traders.

In the mid-1800s, fur trappers and gold seekers established a number of temporary settlements in the county. However, it was not until the construction of the Utah and Northern Railroad in the 1870s that the area began to see significant growth. The railroad brought settlers, merchants, and industries to the region, leading to the establishment of permanent towns like Shoshone and Richfield.

Agriculture also played a crucial role in the development of Lincoln County. Irrigation projects introduced in the late 1800s allowed for the cultivation of crops like wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, and alfalfa. The county quickly became known for its agricultural productivity and attracted many farmers who sought to make a living on the land.

Over the years, Lincoln County has witnessed various economic ups and downs. The mining industry boomed in the early 1900s, with several mines producing lead, zinc, silver, and phosphate. However, these mining operations declined by the mid-20th century. Today, the county's economy is diversified, with agriculture, manufacturing, and services being the primary sectors.

Throughout its history, Lincoln County has seen significant changes in its landscape, population, and economy. However, its ties to Native American heritage, exploration, and agriculture remain important aspects of its identity.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Lincoln County, Idaho.

  • 1867: Lincoln County is established as a county in the Idaho Territory.
  • 1868: The county's first post office, named Shoshone, is established.
  • 1879: The county seat is relocated from Shoshone to Shoshone Falls.
  • 1890: Lincoln County becomes part of the newly-formed state of Idaho.
  • 1901: The county seat is moved back to Shoshone due to difficulties accessing Shoshone Falls during winter.
  • 1972: The world's largest open-pit phosphate mine opens in the county, known as the Conda Mine.
  • 1980: The Conda Mine is closed due to declining phosphate prices.
  • 2010: Lincoln County's population reaches its highest point at approximately 5,208 residents.