Idaho is home to the Craters of the Moon National Monument, a vast volcanic landscape that covers more than 750,000 acres. The area is so named because it resembles a lunar landscape, and it's a popular destination for hikers, campers, and nature enthusiasts.
Jerome County, located in the southern part of Idaho, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the mid-19th century. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Shoshone-Bannock and Northern Paiute tribes, who relied on the abundant natural resources for their livelihoods.

In the early 1880s, the region saw an influx of settlers with the construction of the Oregon Short Line Railroad. One of these settlers was Arthur Jerome, for whom the county was later named. The railroad played a crucial role in the development of Jerome County, as it allowed for easier transportation of goods and people, stimulating growth and establishing towns in the area.

Agriculture played a significant role in shaping Jerome County's history. The region's fertile soil and suitable climate made it ideal for farming, particularly for the cultivation of sugar beets. In the early 20th century, the sugar beet industry boomed, attracting more settlers and transforming the county into a major agricultural hub. The success of the sugar beet industry led to the establishment of sugar processing plants, which provided employment opportunities for local residents.

Jerome County has also faced challenges throughout its history. During World War II, the county experienced a shortage of labor due to the enlistment of young men in the armed forces. This led to the recruitment of Mexican workers through the Bracero Program, which brought temporary agricultural laborers to the area. The influx of Mexican workers greatly impacted the cultural landscape of Jerome County, contributing to its diverse population.

Today, Jerome County continues to thrive as an agricultural region, with farming being the primary economic driver. It remains a vibrant community that celebrates its cultural heritage while embracing modern developments. Whether it be the rich Native American history, the growth spurred by the railroad, or the continued importance of agriculture, Jerome County's past has shaped its present and will continue to influence its future.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Jerome County, Idaho.

  • 1919 - Jerome County was established on February 8
  • 1919-1928 - Early agriculture boom, with sugar beets as a primary crop
  • 1929-1939 - Great Depression and Dust Bowl had significant impact on the county
  • 1940-1945 - World War II brought increased demand for agricultural products
  • 1950s-1960s - Population growth and expansion of irrigation projects
  • 1970s-1980s - Diversification of agriculture, including dairy farming and aquaculture
  • 1990s - Growth of manufacturing industries in the county
  • 2000s - Expansion of urban areas and increased focus on renewable energy