Iowa is known for its agricultural production, but did you know that it was once a major producer of coal? In the late 1800s and early 1900s, Iowa had more than 200 coal mines, and coal was the state's leading industry.
Sac County, Iowa holds a rich history that dates back to its establishment in 1851. The county was named after the Sac tribe of Native Americans, who previously inhabited the region. The first European settlers arrived in the area in the mid-1800s, attracted by fertile lands and the promise of opportunities in agriculture and trade. The county's primary industries were initially focused on farming, with wheat and corn as the main crops.

As settlers continued to arrive, towns and villages began to emerge throughout the county. Sac City, the county seat, was founded in 1855 and became a vital hub for commerce and government. The city's growth was amplified with the arrival of the railroad in the late 1800s, allowing for easier transportation of goods and people.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Sac County experienced economic prosperity. The agricultural sector thrived, and the county saw the establishment of various industries, such as mills, lumberyards, and brick manufacturing plants. The towns of Sac County grew rapidly, attracting new residents and businesses.

However, like many other areas in the Midwest, Sac County faced challenges during the Great Depression. Economic hardships hit the region hard, and many farms and businesses struggled to survive. The county persevered, and with the aid of New Deal programs, was able to rebound and experience a revival in the following years.

Today, Sac County continues to value its agricultural roots while diversifying its economy. The county's rich history is celebrated through historical museums and festivals, showcasing the area's past and paying homage to the pioneers who built the foundations for the vibrant community that exists today.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Sac County, Iowa.

  • 1834: Sac County is established as part of a larger county called Dubuque
  • 1846: Sac County becomes a part of the newly created Polk County
  • 1851: Sac County is officially organized as a separate county
  • 1859: The town of Sac City is established as the county seat
  • 1865: The Iowa Central Railroad extends to Sac City, boosting the local economy
  • 1872: The first courthouse in Sac City is completed
  • 1893: The current Sac County Courthouse is constructed
  • 1953: The Sac County Conservation Board is established to manage local parks and natural areas
  • 1989: The Sac County Freedom Rock is dedicated to honor local veterans
  • 2019: Sac County celebrates its 150th anniversary