In 1893, a group of American businessmen and politicians overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy and established a provisional government with Sanford B. Dole as president. The annexation of Hawaii to the United States was formalized in 1898.
Maui County, located in the state of Hawaii, is made up of several islands, including Maui, Molokai, Lanai, and Kahoolawe. The history of Maui County is deeply intertwined with the history and culture of the Hawaiian people, dating back thousands of years.

The islands of Maui County have a rich Polynesian heritage, with Hawaiian settlement on Maui dating back to at least 1200 AD. Ancient Hawaiians developed agricultural systems and established complex social structures on the islands. They cultivated taro, sweet potatoes, and other crops, and engaged in fishing and hunting as well. The arrival of European explorers and traders in the late 18th century had a significant impact on the islands, bringing both opportunities and challenges.

In 1790, Maui experienced a period of conflict known as the Battle of Kepaniwai, when King Kamehameha I invaded the island. This battle resulted in Kamehameha's victory and the unification of the Hawaiian Islands under his rule. The 19th century saw the arrival of Christian missionaries, who introduced Western education, Christianity, and a new way of life to the Hawaiian people. The sugar industry also became a major economic force during this time, with plantations established across Maui County.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the islands of Maui County saw waves of immigrant laborers arriving to work on the sugar plantations. These immigrants came from places such as China, Japan, the Philippines, and Portugal, and played a crucial role in shaping the cultural diversity of the islands. Throughout the 20th century, tourism became an increasingly important industry for Maui County, attracting visitors from around the world who marveled at the stunning beaches, lush landscapes, and vibrant Hawaiian culture. Today, Maui County continues to thrive as a popular tourist destination, while also embracing and celebrating its unique heritage and traditions.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Maui County, Hawaii.

  • Pre-1778: Native Hawaiians inhabit the islands.
  • 1778: British Captain James Cook becomes the first European to visit Maui.
  • 1790: Battle of Kepaniwai takes place, uniting the island under Maui's King Kamehameha I.
  • 1845: The Kingdom of Hawaii is established, and Maui County becomes one of the original four counties.
  • 1876: Lahaina becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  • 1876: Sugar production begins, transforming the economy of Maui County.
  • 1905: The County seat moves to Wailuku.
  • 1959: Hawaii becomes a U.S. state, and Maui County remains one of its counties.
  • 1961: The Hana Highway is completed, providing access to the previously isolated Hana district.
  • 1993: Maui County hosts the World Whale Conference, promoting marine conservation.
  • 2014: Maui County becomes the first place in the U.S. to ban the cultivation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs).