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The first gold rush in America happened in Georgia in 1828, when gold was discovered in the northwestern part of the state. This discovery led to the creation of the Dahlonega Mint, which produced gold coins until the outbreak of the Civil War.
Upson County, situated in the heart of Georgia, has a rich history dating back to its establishment in 1824. The county was named after Stephen Upson, a Georgia lawyer and legislator. Initially, the region was inhabited by Creek and Cherokee Native American tribes, but with the arrival of European settlers, the area quickly transformed.

In the early years, Upson County was an agrarian society, with cotton being the primary crop. The introduction of the railroad in the mid-1800s played a crucial role in the county's economic growth, facilitating transportation of goods to neighboring towns. With the railroad's arrival, manufacturing and trade in Upson County flourished, solidifying its position as a commercial hub.

The Civil War had a significant impact on Upson County, as it did on much of the South. Many residents enlisted in the Confederate Army, contributing to the war effort. Post-war, the county faced the challenges of Reconstruction, but gradually recovered, diversifying its economy beyond just agriculture.

In the 20th century, industry and manufacturing continued to thrive in Upson County. The textile industry was particularly successful, attracting businesses and providing jobs for the community. Over time, the county modernized, with advancements in education, healthcare, and infrastructure. Today, Upson County remains a vibrant community with a mix of agricultural, industrial, and service-based industries, embracing its heritage while striving for progress.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Upson County, Georgia.

  • 1824 – Upson County was established on December 15, 1824, as a result of the Treaty of Indian Springs.
  • 1825 – Thomaston was established as the county seat.
  • 1847 – The Macon and Western Railroad reached Thomaston, boosting the local economy.
  • 1861 – Upson County sent soldiers to fight in the Civil War on the side of the Confederacy.
  • 1875 – The first cotton mill was established in Thomaston, ushering in a period of industrial growth.
  • 1936 – The famous textile strike known as the "Thomaston-Upson County Strike" occurred.
  • 1965 – The R.G. LeTourneau plant was established, bringing employment opportunities to the area.
  • 1989 – The Flint River floods devastated parts of Upson County.
  • 1996 – Upson County celebrated its 125th anniversary.
  • 2010 – The population of Upson County was recorded at 27,153 during the U.S. Census.