Georgia was the site of the first American gold rush, but it was also the site of the first American oil rush. In 1905, oil was discovered in Bibb County, and the state's oil industry began to grow rapidly.
Treutlen County, located in the state of Georgia, has a rich history that dates back to the colonial era. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Cherokee nations. European settlers began to arrive in the 18th century, with the establishment of Fort Barrington in 1779 for protection during the American Revolutionary War.

The county was officially created on December 20, 1917, from portions of Emanuel and Montgomery counties. It was named after John Adam Treutlen, Georgia's first state governor, who played a significant role in the state's early years. The county seat was established in Soperton, which remains its largest city and administrative center to this day.

Treutlen County has mainly relied on agriculture throughout its history. Initially, cotton and timber were the primary industries, with plantations forming the backbone of the economy. As transportation improved, the arrival of the Central of Georgia Railway in the late 19th century allowed for further economic development, including increased trade and distribution opportunities.

The county has gone through a series of transformations over time. In the early 20th century, the boll weevil infestation significantly impacted the cotton industry. However, the introduction of new farming techniques and diversification of crops helped the region recover. Today, Treutlen County continues to be largely agricultural, with major crops including peanuts, corn, and soybeans.

Overall, Treutlen County's history reflects the challenges and resilience of a rural community firmly rooted in its agricultural heritage. From its Native American origins to pioneer settlement and economic developments, the county has evolved over the years while retaining its unique character and charm.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Treutlen County, Georgia.

  • 1918 - Treutlen County is created from portions of Emanuel and Montgomery counties
  • Early 1900s - Lumber and turpentine industries thrive in the county
  • 1925 - Soperton is established as the county seat
  • 1950s-1960s - The county experiences a decline in population and economic activity
  • 1975 - Treutlen County Hospital is opened
  • 1990s - Highway 46 is expanded into a four-lane highway
  • 2000s - Construction of a new courthouse and county administrative building
  • Present - Treutlen County continues to be a rural area with agriculture as its main economic driver