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Georgia was the last of the original 13 colonies to be established. It was founded in 1732, over 100 years after the first English settlement in Virginia.
Telfair County, located in the state of Georgia, has a rich and diverse history that dates back centuries. It was established on December 10, 1807, and named after Edward Telfair, a former governor of Georgia. The county's early history was influenced by Native American tribes such as the Creek and the Hitchiti, who inhabited the area for thousands of years before European settlement.

During the early 19th century, Telfair County experienced rapid growth and development as settlers began to migrate into the region. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, became a dominant industry, fueled by slave labor. The county's vast fertile lands made it an ideal location for large plantations, which contributed to its economic prosperity.

The Civil War, which erupted in 1861, had a significant impact on Telfair County. Many of its young men enlisted in the Confederate Army, and the county experienced the hardships and devastation caused by the war. Reconstruction brought about changes in the county's political and social landscape, as the South grappled with the aftermath of the conflict.

Throughout the 20th century, Telfair County continued to be primarily an agricultural community. The economy diversified, but agriculture remained an essential part of its identity. Today, Telfair County preserves its rich history through various historical landmarks, including the Telfair County Courthouse and the McRae-Helena Historic District. The county's history serves as a reminder of the perseverance and resilience of its residents throughout the generations.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Telfair County, Georgia.

  • 1807 - Telfair County is established as Georgia's 38th county.
  • 1810 - The county seat is established in Jacksonville.
  • 1812-1814 - Telfair County residents serve in the War of 1812.
  • 1830s - The cotton industry booms in Telfair County.
  • 1831 - The county seat is moved to McRae, which was originally named Telfair.
  • 1861-1865 - Many Telfair County residents fight for the Confederacy during the Civil War.
  • 1870s - The logging industry emerges in Telfair County.
  • 1905 - Lumber mills become a major industry in Telfair County.
  • 1972 - The Ocmulgee River-Altamaha River system is completed, providing water supply for the county.
  • 1983 - The town of Helena is incorporated in Telfair County.