The largest land battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Chickamauga, took place in Georgia in 1863. Over 34,000 Union and Confederate soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing in the battle.
Screven County, Georgia, has a rich history that dates back to the early 19th century. The county was established in 1793 and named after General James Screven, a Revolutionary War hero. Originally, the area was inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Cherokee, who were gradually displaced by European settlers.

In the early years, the economy of Screven County was primarily based on agriculture. The fertile soil provided an ideal environment for growing crops such as cotton and tobacco. This led to an influx of plantation owners who relied on a large enslaved labor force.

During the Civil War, like many other southern counties, Screven County experienced significant hardship. The area was heavily impacted by the Union blockade, which disrupted trade and caused shortages of essential supplies. Additionally, a number of battles and skirmishes were fought in the region, leaving a lasting impact on the local communities.

Following the Civil War and the emancipation of enslaved individuals, Screven County's economy shifted towards a more diverse agricultural landscape. The county became known for its production of timber, turpentine, and livestock. The introduction of the railroad in the late 19th century furthered economic growth and facilitated transportation of goods.

Today, Screven County remains a predominantly rural area, focusing on agriculture and manufacturing. The county is home to a number of historical sites and landmarks, such as the Sylvania Commercial Historic District and the Oliver Methodist Episcopal Church. These serve as reminders of the rich history and heritage of Screven County, Georgia.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Screven County, Georgia.

  • Original inhabitants were Native American tribes, such as the Yuchi and Creek nations
  • 1733 - James Oglethorpe, founder of the Georgia colony, establishes the Trustees' Garden
  • 1758 - The area that would become Screven County is part of colonial St. Matthew Parish
  • 1777 - Georgia gains independence from British rule during the American Revolution
  • 1793 - Area that includes present-day Screven County becomes part of Burke County
  • 1793 - Burke County is divided into several smaller counties, including Screven County
  • 1810s - Settlers from South Carolina and Virginia begin moving into the area
  • 1840 - Town of Sylvania is officially established
  • 1861-1865 - Screven County residents participate in the American Civil War
  • Early 20th century - Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, dominates the county's economy
  • 1924 - The General William M. H. Thomson House, now known as the Thomson House, is built in Sylvania
  • 1950s-1960s - Civil rights movement impacts Screven County, leading to desegregation
  • Present - Screven County remains primarily rural, with a focus on agriculture and small-town charm