National Register Listings in
Randolph County, Georgia

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The Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site, located in Atlanta, is a popular tourist destination and includes the King Center, which features exhibits on the Civil Rights Movement and King's life and legacy.
Randolph County, located in southwestern Georgia, has a rich and fascinating history dating back to its establishment in 1828. The county was named after the prominent Virginia legislator and senator, John Randolph of Roanoke. For centuries prior to European settlement, the land was inhabited by the Creek Indians until US settlers arrived in the early 19th century.

The early settlers in Randolph County primarily relied on agriculture, particularly cotton, as their main source of income. The county's fertile soils and warm climate made it an ideal location for cotton cultivation, leading to rapid growth and prosperity. Slavery was widely practiced in Randolph County during this period, as enslaved Africans were used as a source of labor on the plantations.

During the American Civil War, Randolph County witnessed significant conflict and upheaval. As part of the Confederacy, the county played a strategic role due to its close proximity to key transportation routes. Numerous battles and skirmishes occurred in the region, resulting in devastating damage and loss of life. After the war, the county faced immense challenges in terms of reconstruction and economic recovery.

In the 20th century, Randolph County continued to rely on agriculture, but with a shift towards diversified crops and livestock production. The county also witnessed important advancements in infrastructure, education, and healthcare. Today, Randolph County remains a predominantly rural area, encompassing a close-knit community that values its history and cultural heritage.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Randolph County, Georgia.

  • 1807: Randolph County is established on December 20.
  • 1830s: The Creek Indians are removed from the area through the Indian Removal Act.
  • 1841: Cuthbert is established as the county seat.
  • 1850s: The county experiences significant growth due to the expansion of the railroads.
  • 1861-1865: Randolph County citizens actively participate in the American Civil War.
  • 1870s-1880s: The county's economy is primarily based on agriculture, with large plantations producing cotton and tobacco.
  • 1920s: The Boll Weevil infestation devastates the county's cotton industry.
  • 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement impacts Randolph County, leading to desegregation and equal rights for African Americans.
  • 2000s: The county focuses on economic diversification and community development.