The largest land battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Chickamauga, took place in Georgia in 1863. Over 34,000 Union and Confederate soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing in the battle.
Pike County, located in central Georgia, has a rich and diverse history dating back to its establishment in 1822. Named after Zebulon Montgomery Pike, an American explorer, the county was originally home to Creek and Cherokee Native American tribes. The earliest European settlers arrived in the early 1800s, primarily Scottish and Irish immigrants seeking fertile land for farming.

In its early years, Pike County thrived as an agricultural hub, with cotton being the primary cash crop. Plantations were established, and large numbers of enslaved African Americans were brought to the area to work the fields. The county's economy and population grew rapidly, attracting more settlers and leading to the construction of numerous small towns and villages.

During the Civil War, Pike County faced the challenges of supporting both Confederate and Union armies. Many local men enlisted to serve in the Confederate forces, while others remained loyal to the Union. As a result, the county experienced divisions and conflicts that persisted even after the war ended. The decline of the plantation system and the abolition of slavery also brought significant changes to the county's social and economic landscape.

In the 20th century, Pike County saw a shift towards a more diversified economy, with the development of industries such as textiles, lumber, and agriculture. Today, the county preserves its historical heritage through landmarks such as the Pike County Courthouse and historic homes. It also celebrates its cultural legacy through various events and festivals that showcase the traditions and customs of its past, ensuring that the history of Pike County continues to be remembered and appreciated.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Pike County, Georgia.

  • 1822: Pike County is established on December 9.
  • 1825: The county seat is established in Zebulon.
  • 1829: First post office is established in Concord.
  • 1831: First courthouse is built in Zebulon.
  • 1834: Pike County Agricultural Society is formed.
  • 1861-1865: Pike County contributes soldiers to the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.
  • 1893: First telephone service arrives in Pike County.
  • 1914: Pike County High School is established.
  • 1950: Pike County Electric Membership Corporation is formed.
  • 1966: Gaither Plantation, now part of the Pike County Confederate Cemetery, is placed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 2003: Pike County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.