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The largest land battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Chickamauga, took place in Georgia in 1863. Over 34,000 Union and Confederate soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing in the battle.
McDuffie County, located in the state of Georgia, has a rich history that spans several centuries. Originally inhabited by Native American tribes, the area was first explored by European settlers in the 18th century. The presence of the often-fought-over Savannah River made the region strategically important, resulting in clashes between the French and British during the colonial period.

In the late 18th century, the area that is now McDuffie County was part of the state's frontier and experienced rapid settlement. As more settlers arrived, a community began to take shape. In 1870, the area was officially established as a county and named after George McDuffie, a prominent South Carolina statesman and orator. The county seat was established in the town of Thomson, which still serves as a center of commerce and government to this day.

Throughout the latter half of the 19th century, McDuffie County, like much of the region, relied heavily on agriculture, particularly cotton production. Antebellum plantations gave way to smaller family farms after the Civil War, while the growth of railroads in the area provided new opportunities for trade and transportation. The county continued to prosper as the agricultural and economic center of the region.

In the 20th century, McDuffie County experienced both the challenges and successes associated with the changing times. From the devastation of the Great Depression to the impact of World War II, the county's economy and society were shaped by these events. In recent decades, McDuffie County has diversified its economy beyond agriculture, with a focus on manufacturing and services. Today, it remains a vibrant community that honors its past while embracing a modern future.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of McDuffie County, Georgia.

  • 1870 - McDuffie County is established from parts of Columbia, Warren, and Wilkes counties.
  • 1872 - Thomson is incorporated as the county seat of McDuffie County.
  • 1885 - The Augusta Southern Railway is completed, connecting Thomson to Augusta.
  • 1890 - The Thomson Electric Company begins providing electricity to Thomson.
  • 1904 - A fire destroys much of downtown Thomson, resulting in the construction of more fire-resistant buildings.
  • 1913 - The Wrightsboro Road Bridge is built over the Savannah River, improving transportation between McDuffie County and South Carolina.
  • 1942 - During World War II, the U.S. Army opens Camp Gordon alongside the Thomson-Wrightsboro Road, bringing economic growth to the area.
  • 1954 - The McDuffie County Hospital opens, providing healthcare services to the community.
  • 1996 - The Thomson-McDuffie County Library is constructed, offering access to books, resources, and educational programs.
  • 2016 - The new Thomson-McDuffie Government Center is completed, providing modern facilities for McDuffie County's administrative functions.