In the early 20th century, Georgia was known for its "convict leasing" system, which allowed companies to lease prisoners from the state for labor. The system was abolished in 1908 after investigations revealed widespread abuse and mistreatment of prisoners.
Lamar County, Georgia, is located in the central part of the state. Named after Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, a prominent politician from Georgia, the county was established on August 17, 1920. However, the area had been inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Cherokee, for centuries before European settlers arrived.

The first European settlers in the area were primarily farmers who established small communities along the banks of the Towaliga River. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, became the backbone of the county's economy in the 19th century. With the arrival of the railroad in the late 1800s, Lamar County experienced a period of growth and prosperity.

During the Civil War, Lamar County, like many other parts of Georgia, was deeply affected. Many young men from the county enlisted in the Confederate Army, and the area witnessed battles and skirmishes. The aftermath of the war brought significant challenges, including the economic impact of emancipation and the struggle to rebuild the county's economy.

In the 20th century, Lamar County continued to be an agricultural center, but the decline of cotton as a primary crop and the mechanization of agriculture brought changes. The county shifted towards poultry farming and the timber industry. Today, Lamar County is a mix of small towns and rural areas, known for its natural beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and as a haven for those seeking a peaceful country lifestyle.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Lamar County, Georgia.

  • 1821: Lamar County is created and named after Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, a Supreme Court justice from Georgia.
  • 1828: The county seat is established in the town of Barnesville.
  • 1840s: The construction of railways, including the Monroe Railroad and the Macon and Western Railroad, boost the county's economy.
  • 1861-1865: Lamar County residents actively participate in the American Civil War.
  • Early 1900s: The county experiences growth in agriculture and cotton production.
  • 1925: A devastating tornado strikes Barnesville, causing significant damage.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression affects the county, leading to economic challenges.
  • 1950s-1960s: Integration of schools and the civil rights movement impact the county.
  • 2000s: Lamar County sees ongoing growth and development in various sectors.