The state of Georgia has produced many notable musicians, including Ray Charles, James Brown, Otis Redding, and the Allman Brothers Band.
Gilmer County, located in the northern part of Georgia, has a history that dates back to its establishment in 1832. The county was named after George R. Gilmer, a former governor of Georgia. Originally inhabited by the Cherokee Native American tribe, the area was settled by European settlers in the early 1800s, following the Treaty of New Echota which forced the Cherokee off their lands.

During the Civil War, Gilmer County, like much of Georgia, was deeply divided. Many residents supported the Confederate cause, while others remained loyal to the Union. The county saw several skirmishes and raids, including the Battle of Ellijay in 1864, during which Union soldiers briefly occupied the town. After the war, Gilmer County faced the challenges of reconstruction, struggling to recover from the economic and social impact of the conflict.

In the late 1800s, the arrival of the railroad brought economic growth and development to Gilmer County. The timber industry flourished, and the county became one of the leading producers of lumber in the state. The logging boom led to a population increase and the establishment of new towns and communities.

In the 20th century, Gilmer County continued to thrive as a center for agriculture, mining, and tourism. The county's rich natural resources, including apple orchards and natural beauty, attracted visitors and contributed to its economic success. Today, Gilmer County remains a picturesque destination known for its scenic beauty, outdoor recreational activities, and small-town charm.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Gilmer County, Georgia.

  • 1832 - Gilmer County is established on December 3.
  • 1834 - The county seat is established in Ellijay.
  • 1838 - The first courthouse is built in Ellijay.
  • 1861-1865 - Gilmer County residents participate in the American Civil War.
  • 1898 - The Blue Ridge Railway line reaches Ellijay.
  • 1906 - The old courthouse burns down and a new one is built the following year.
  • 1930s - Gilmer County experiences significant economic decline during the Great Depression.
  • 1980s - Gilmer County begins to experience population growth and development.
  • 2017 - Gilmer County celebrates its 185th anniversary.