National Register Listings in
Fayette County, Georgia

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Georgia was named in honor of King George II of England, who granted a charter for the colony in 1732.
Fayette County, located in the state of Georgia, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, specifically the Creek and Cherokee peoples, who relied on the region's abundant natural resources for their livelihoods. However, with the arrival of European settlers in the late 18th century, the Native Americans were gradually displaced from their ancestral lands.

In 1821, the territory that would become Fayette County was officially established, named after the Marquis de Lafayette, a French general and key figure in the American Revolutionary War. The county's early years were marked by agricultural development, with cotton becoming the predominant crop. As a result, the economy thrived and the population grew steadily.

During the Civil War, Fayette County, like many other parts of Georgia, was deeply affected by the conflict. The area saw skirmishes and military activity, and many of its residents were either involved in the fighting or had to endure the hardships of war. The post-war period brought significant changes to the county, with the decline of agriculture and the rise of industrialization. The railroad arrived in the late 19th century, connecting Fayette County to larger markets and contributing to its growth.

In the 20th century, Fayette County experienced significant suburbanization and urbanization. This was largely driven by its proximity to the growing city of Atlanta and the expansion of major transportation infrastructure, such as highways. As a result, the county saw a surge in population and a shift towards a more diverse and dynamic economy. Today, Fayette County is known for its thriving community, excellent schools, and natural beauty, making it a desirable place to live and visit.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Fayette County, Georgia.

  • 1821 - Fayette County is established as one of Georgia's original counties.
  • 1823 - Fayette County's first courthouse and jail are constructed in Fayetteville.
  • 1829 - Fayetteville becomes the county seat.
  • 1832 - Fayetteville Academy, the county's first school, is established.
  • 1861-1865 - Fayette County residents actively participate in the Civil War.
  • 1870 - The Atlanta and West Point Railroad is completed, running through Fayette County.
  • 1871 - Peachtree City is founded as a small railroad town.
  • 1900 - The population of Fayette County reaches 7,581.
  • 1953 - Lake Horton, the county's largest lake, is constructed for water supply and recreation.
  • 1973 - Fayette County's population surpasses 20,000.
  • 1992 - Fayette Pavilion, a major shopping center, opens in Fayetteville.
  • 2010 - Fayette County's population reaches 106,567.