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Georgia was the site of the first American gold rush, but it was also the site of the first American oil rush. In 1905, oil was discovered in Bibb County, and the state's oil industry began to grow rapidly.
Evans County, Georgia, located in the southeastern part of the state, has a rich history that can be traced back to the Native American tribes who inhabited the area thousands of years ago. The county was officially formed in 1914 and was named after Clement A. Evans, a Confederate army general and former Georgia governor.

Before European settlers arrived, the land that is now Evans County was home to the Creek and Seminole tribes. These tribes lived off the land, hunting, fishing, and farming. The first European explorers arrived in the 16th century, and by the 18th century, the territory became a battleground during the Indian Wars as European settlers began moving into the region.

In the early 19th century, the county was predominantly agricultural, with cotton being the primary crop. The development of the railroad in the late 19th century brought significant changes to the area, facilitating transportation and commerce. The railroad stimulated economic growth, attracting businesses and settlers to the county.

During the Civil War, Evans County, like many other areas in the South, experienced the hardships of the conflict. Many of its young men enlisted in the Confederate Army, and the county was occupied briefly by Union forces. After the war ended, the region struggled to recover from the destruction and economic devastation.

In the 20th century, Evans County experienced further growth and development with the establishment of new industries such as timber and agriculture processing. Today, the county is known for its vibrant farming community, diverse economy, and strong community spirit, with a population that takes pride in its history and heritage.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Evans County, Georgia.

  • 1914 - Evans County is established on August 11, named after Colonel Clement A. Evans.
  • Early 1900s - The county experiences rapid growth with the establishment of several towns and settlements.
  • 1910s - The county economy is primarily driven by agriculture, with a focus on tobacco and timber industries.
  • 1920s - The Great Depression impacts the county's economy, leading to a decline in farming and unemployment.
  • 1940s - Fort Stewart, a large military installation, is established nearby, bringing economic opportunities to the area.
  • 1950s - The county experiences growth in population and infrastructure development.
  • 1960s - Evans County becomes part of the Vidalia Onion growing region, contributing to the local economy.
  • 1990s - The county's economy diversifies with the growth of manufacturing and poultry industries.
  • 2000s - The county continues to grow and attract new businesses while preserving its agricultural heritage.