The city of Savannah, Georgia was the first planned city in America. It was laid out in a grid pattern with squares for public use, and this design was later copied by other cities throughout the country.
Columbia County, Georgia is located in the eastern part of the state. Its history can be traced back to the colonial era, when the area was inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Creek and Cherokee. European settlers began to arrive in the late 18th century, primarily British and Scotch-Irish immigrants looking for fertile land for farming.

In 1790, Columbia County was established and named after Christopher Columbus. It quickly became an agricultural hub, with large plantations producing commodities such as cotton, tobacco, and timber. The county was also a significant transportation center due to its proximity to the Savannah River, which facilitated trade.

During the American Civil War, Columbia County experienced the negative effects of the conflict. Many local men joined the Confederate army, and the area was impacted by troop movements and skirmishes. Following the war, the county experienced a period of economic recovery, with a shift from agriculture to industrial development.

In the 20th century, Columbia County saw significant growth and modernization. The construction of the Augusta Canal and establishment of Fort Gordon Army Base brought economic opportunities and infrastructure development. Today, Columbia County is known for its flourishing residential areas, booming retail and commercial sector, as well as its commitment to education and the arts.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Columbia County, Georgia.

  • 1790 - Columbia County is established as a county in Georgia
  • 1800 - The county seat is established in Appling
  • 1816 - The courthouse in Appling is completed
  • 1830 - The Augusta Canal is completed, providing transportation and power for the county
  • 1850 - The population of Columbia County reaches 4,888
  • 1870 - The railroad reaches Columbia County, spurring economic growth
  • 1890 - The population of Columbia County reaches 7,487
  • 1970 - Suburban development begins as Augusta expands into Columbia County
  • 1996 - Columbia County becomes the first county in Georgia to implement a 911 emergency telephone system
  • 2010 - The population of Columbia County reaches 124,053