Georgia was the last of the original 13 colonies to be established. It was founded in 1732, over 100 years after the first English settlement in Virginia.
Chattooga County, located in northwest Georgia, has a rich and vibrant history dating back thousands of years. The land that is now Chattooga County was once home to various Native American tribes, including the Cherokee and Creek people, who lived off the abundant natural resources of the region.

In the early 19th century, European settlers began to arrive in the area. The first permanent settlement, known as Crawfish Springs, was established in 1825. The area quickly grew as more settlers were attracted to the fertile land and natural beauty of the region. The county was officially created on December 28, 1838, and was named after the Chattooga River, which forms part of its eastern border.

During the Civil War, Chattooga County played a significant role. It was the site of several major battles, including the Battle of Pickett's Mill, which took place in 1864. The county suffered greatly during this time, with many homes and properties being destroyed or damaged. After the war, the county experienced a slow recovery, but ultimately rebounded as agriculture and manufacturing industries began to thrive.

In the 20th century, Chattooga County continued to evolve. The construction of highways and railroads connected the county to larger markets, promoting economic growth. The county also became a popular tourist destination, with attractions such as the picturesque Chattooga River, which is known for its whitewater rafting opportunities and scenic beauty. Today, Chattooga County is a charming mix of historical landmarks, natural wonders, and a strong sense of community, making it a desirable place to live and visit.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Chattooga County, Georgia.

  • 1838 - Chattooga County is established on December 28, 1838.
  • 1839 - The county seat is established in the town of Summerville.
  • 1840 - The population of Chattooga County is recorded at 5,566.
  • 1861-1865 - Chattooga County residents actively participate in the American Civil War.
  • Early 1900s - The coal mining industry experiences rapid growth in the county.
  • 1920s - The opening of textile mills provides economic development opportunities.
  • 1974 - Chattooga County High School is established.
  • 1993 - The Chattooga River is designated as a National Wild and Scenic River.
  • 2008 - The Penn Bridge, a historic steel truss bridge, is opened for pedestrian use.