National Register Listings in
Chatham County, Georgia

Abrahams, Edmund and Mildred, Raised Tybee Cottage Ardsley Park-Chatham Crescent Historic District Atlantic Greyhound Bus Terminal Bethesda Home for Boys Bonaventure Cemetery Bordley Cottage-Beach View House Carbo House, The Carver Village Historic District Central of Georgia Depot and Trainshed Central of Georgia Railroad: Savannah Shops and Terminal Facilities Central of Georgia Railway Company Shop Property Charity Hospital Curry-Miller-Byrd Cottage Cuyler-Brownville Historic District Daffin Park-Parkside Place Historic District Davenport, Isaiah, House Drayton Arms Apartments Drouillard-Maupas House Dutton-Waller Raised Tybee Cottage Eastside Historic District Eureka Club-Farr's Point Fairway Oaks-Greenview Historic District Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse First Bryan Baptist Church Fort James Jackson Fort Pulaski National Monument Fort Screven Historic District Gordonston Historic District Green-Meldrim House Hill Hall at Savannah State College Hodgson, W. B., Hall Isle of Hope Historic District Johnson, J. Herbert and Julia, Raised Tybee Cottage Kensington Park-Groveland Historic District Laurel Grove-North Cemetery Laurel Grove-South Cemetery Lebanon Plantation Low, Juliette Gordon, Historic District Massie Common School House Morgan-Ille Cottage Mulherin-Righton Raised Tybee Cottage New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist Church Nicholsonville Baptist Church Ossabaw Island Owens-Thomas House Pine Gardens Historic District Rourke, James and Odessa, Jr., Raised Tybee Cottage Savannah and Ogeechee Canal Savannah Historic District Savannah Pharmacy and Fonvielle Office Building Savannah Victorian Historic District Savannah Victorian Historic District (Boundary Increase) Scarbrough, William, House Sea View Apartments Slotin Building St. Bartholomew's Church St. Philip AME Church Sturges, Oliver, House Telfair Academy Thomas Square Streetcar Historic District Two Pierpont Circle Tybee Island Back River Historic District Tybee Island Strand Cottages Historic District U.S. Customhouse Vernonburg Historic District Weil, Edgar A., House Wild Heron Wormsloe Plantation
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Georgia was named in honor of King George II of England, who granted a charter for the colony in 1732.
Chatham County, Georgia has a rich history dating back to its establishment in 1777. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Yamacraws and the Creek Nation, who relied on the fertile land and abundant natural resources for their livelihoods. In 1733, General James Oglethorpe established the colony of Georgia and founded the city of Savannah, which would eventually become the county seat of Chatham County.

During the American Revolution, Chatham County played a significant role in the fight for independence, with the Battle of Savannah being a major conflict. British forces occupied the area, but were ultimately repelled by the American Revolutionary forces. The county continued to grow and develop in the following decades, becoming a major center of trade and commerce in the region due to its strategic location and access to the Savannah River.

In the 19th century, Chatham County saw a boom in industrial development, particularly in the fields of cotton production and shipping. Plantations were established, and slavery became a crucial part of the county's economy. The county also experienced the impact of the Civil War, with Union forces capturing Savannah in 1864 and effectively ending Confederate control in the region.

In the 20th century, Chatham County continued to evolve with significant advancements in infrastructure and technology. The establishment of Fort Stewart in the early 1940s brought a military presence to the county, which further stimulated economic growth. Today, Chatham County is a diverse and thriving area known for its historic charm, vibrant culture, and its contributions to Georgia's economy as a leading tourist destination and major transportation hub.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Chatham County, Georgia.

  • 1732: Chatham County is established as one of the original counties of the Province of Georgia.
  • 1758: Savannah, the largest city in the county, is incorporated.
  • 1779: During the American Revolutionary War, British forces capture Savannah.
  • 1790: Chatham County's population reaches over 8,000.
  • 1820: The First African Baptist Church is established in Savannah, becoming one of the first African-American churches in North America.
  • 1850: Chatham County's population grows to over 20,000.
  • 1864: Union forces capture Savannah during the American Civil War's "March to the Sea."
  • 1909: The Georgia State Railroad Museum opens in Savannah.
  • 1966: Chatham County becomes the first county in Georgia to adopt a consolidated city-county government system.
  • 1996: The Savannah College of Art and Design Museum of Art opens, becoming the largest university art museum in the country.
  • 2005: Hurricane Katrina causes significant damage to the county's coastal areas.