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The first gold rush in America happened in Georgia in 1828, when gold was discovered in the northwestern part of the state. This discovery led to the creation of the Dahlonega Mint, which produced gold coins until the outbreak of the Civil War.
Charlton County, located in the southeastern part of Georgia, has a rich history dating back to its establishment in 1854. The area was initially inhabited by Native Americans, including the Timucua and Creek tribes, who lived off the land for centuries. The arrival of European settlers in the 18th century marked a significant change in the region's landscape and culture.

The county was named after Robert Milledge Charlton, a prominent politician in Georgia during the early 19th century. The area was primarily rural and focused on agriculture, with cotton being the main crop. The construction of the railroad in the late 1800s connected Charlton County to larger cities and facilitated the transport of goods and people.

The county played a notable role in the Civil War, with many residents joining the Confederate Army. The Battle of Olustee, one of the largest battles fought in Florida, took place just south of Charlton County in 1864. The war left a lasting impact on the county, as it faced economic struggles and a decrease in population.

In the 20th century, Charlton County experienced significant changes with the development of infrastructure, industries, and tourism. The construction of the Okefenokee Swamp Park in the 1940s brought visitors to the area, and it remains a popular destination for nature enthusiasts. Today, Charlton County prides itself on its natural beauty, rich history, and friendly community, offering a mix of small-town charm and outdoor recreational opportunities.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Charlton County, Georgia.

  • 1854: Charlton County is created from parts of Camden County and Ware County.
  • 1861-1865: During the American Civil War, Charlton County is mostly unaffected due to its rural nature.
  • Late 1800s: The county experiences growth as the timber industry expands.
  • 1901: The city of Folkston is incorporated.
  • 1925: The county courthouse is completed.
  • 1939-1945: Charlton County residents serve in World War II.
  • 1954: The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge is established, partially located in Charlton County.
  • 1998: The Okefenokee Rural Electric Membership Corporation (OREMC) brings electricity to rural areas of Charlton County.
  • Present: Charlton County continues to be known for its natural beauty, with attractions such as the Okefenokee Swamp and the St. Marys River.