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The largest land battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Chickamauga, took place in Georgia in 1863. Over 34,000 Union and Confederate soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing in the battle.
Camden County, located in southeastern Georgia, has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally home to indigenous tribes, including the Timucua and Creek, who relied on the abundance of natural resources, such as the abundant fish and game in the nearby Atlantic Ocean and rivers. European exploration and colonization began in the 16th century when Spanish explorers arrived in the area, followed by English settlers in the 17th century.

During the American Revolution, Camden County played a significant role as a strategic military location. The county was the site of the Battle of Kingsland Creek in 1777, in which American patriots successfully repelled a British raiding party. The county also served as a haven for privateers, who conducted raids on British shipping during the war.

In the early 19th century, Camden County became a major center for timber and shipbuilding industries due to its proximity to vast pine forests and rivers. The county's economy thrived, and several cities and towns, including St. Marys and Kingsland, were established to support these industries. The construction of the railroad in the mid-19th century further boosted the county's economic growth.

In the 20th century, Camden County's economy shifted from timber and shipbuilding to naval and military operations with the establishment of Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. The base, which is still operational today, became a major employer and contributed significantly to the local economy. Camden County continues to grow and evolve, with a mix of industries, including tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing, supporting the thriving community.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Camden County, Georgia.

  • 1763: Camden County is established, named after Charles Pratt, 1st Earl of Camden.
  • 1777: The county becomes part of the newly formed state of Georgia.
  • 1783: The Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War, and Camden County is ceded to the United States.
  • 1793: The county seat is established in St. Marys.
  • 1802: The city of Woodbine is laid out and becomes a major port and trading center.
  • 1828: The Georgia General Assembly designates a portion of Camden County as a naval reservation, later becoming the Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base.
  • 1861: The American Civil War begins, and Camden County is heavily impacted due to its proximity to the coast.
  • 1933: The Great Depression leads to significant economic hardships in Camden County.
  • 1979: The Cumberland Island National Seashore is established, preserving a significant portion of the county's coastline.
  • 1995: The Jekyll Island Causeway is completed, providing a direct connection to Jekyll Island and increasing tourism in the area.
  • 2010: The county experiences population growth and economic development, attracting new businesses and residents.