Historical Markers in
Calhoun County, Georgia

Georgia was the site of the first European settlement in what is now the United States. In 1565, the Spanish established a settlement on St. Simons Island, which is now part of Georgia.
Calhoun County, Georgia has a rich and storied history dating back to its establishment in 1854. It was named after John C. Calhoun, a prominent American statesman and advocate of state's rights. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Seminole nations, until European settlers began to arrive in the early 1800s.

During the Civil War, Calhoun County was heavily impacted by the conflict as it lay in the path of General William Tecumseh Sherman's infamous March to the Sea. The county suffered significant destruction and loss during this time, with many of its plantations and infrastructure ruined. The impact of the war left a lasting mark on the county's economy and social fabric.

In the decades following the Civil War, Calhoun County saw a resurgence in agriculture, particularly in the cultivation of cotton and peanuts. This agricultural boom brought prosperity to the county, and cotton became a staple crop for many years. However, agricultural practices began to change in the 20th century, with a shift towards diversified farming and the introduction of new crops such as corn, tobacco, and soybeans.

Today, Calhoun County retains its agricultural roots while also embracing modern development. The county's economy is primarily based on agriculture, with farming and related industries playing a key role. Calhoun County also boasts a close-knit community, with residents taking pride in their shared history and strong sense of community spirit.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Calhoun County, Georgia.

  • 1811: Calhoun County is established as a county in Georgia.
  • 1829: The county is named after John C. Calhoun, the 7th Vice President of the United States.
  • 1830s: The area experiences an influx of settlers, mainly farmers attracted by the fertile lands.
  • 1850s: The county's population increases significantly as more plantations are established and cotton production becomes a primary industry.
  • 1861-1865: Calhoun County, like the rest of the South, is heavily impacted by the American Civil War.
  • 1870s: The county sees a decline in population and economic activity following the war.
  • 1914: The county starts to recover with the introduction of the boll weevil-resistant variety of cotton.
  • 1920s: Improved transportation infrastructure, such as roads and railways, leads to increased trade and economic growth.
  • 1940s-1950s: Advances in agricultural technology, including mechanization and irrigation, further boost the county's farming industry.
  • 1972: Walter F. George Lake is completed, providing recreational opportunities and attracting tourists to the area.
  • 2000s: Calhoun County faces challenges due to population decline, economic shifts, and natural disasters like hurricanes.