The Florida State Capitol building in Tallahassee is the only state capitol in the United States that is taller than the United States Capitol in Washington D.C.
Jackson County, located in the Panhandle region of Florida, has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area was first inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Apalachee and Choctaw tribes, who thrived on the abundant natural resources found in the region.

European exploration of the area began in the 16th century, with Spanish explorers making contact with the Native American tribes. In the late 18th century, the region was ceded to the British and then later to the United States, becoming a part of the new Florida Territory. During this time, settlers began to establish homesteads and farms, and the area saw its first wave of permanent European-American settlers.

The mid-19th century brought significant changes to Jackson County. In the 1830s, the forced removal of Native Americans from the area, known as the Trail of Tears, led to an influx of white settlers in search of land and opportunities. The county saw a rapid increase in population and the establishment of new towns, including Marianna, the current county seat.

The county's history during the Civil War was marked by division and conflict. Jackson County had a significant number of Confederate sympathizers, and many residents enlisted in the Confederate army. The county was also a center of small-scale plantation agriculture, relying heavily on slave labor. After the war, the county faced the challenges of Reconstruction, including economic instability and efforts to rebuild and diversify its economy.

In recent decades, Jackson County has focused on attracting new industries and promoting tourism. The county is known for its natural beauty, including its numerous rivers and lakes, as well as its rich cultural heritage. Today, the county continues to honor its history while working towards a prosperous future for its residents.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Jackson County, Florida.

  • 1822: Jackson County is created as a territorial county in Florida
  • 1841: Marianna becomes the county seat of Jackson County
  • 1861-1865: Jackson County is affected by the American Civil War
  • 1902: The Florida State Hospital for the Insane is established in Chattahoochee
  • 1935: The Bellamy Bridge, a historic wooden bridge, is constructed
  • 1998: Hurricane Georges causes widespread damage in Jackson County
  • 2018: Jackson County is hit hard by Hurricane Michael, causing extensive destruction