National Register Listing in
Calhoun County, Florida

The Everglades, one of Florida's most iconic natural landmarks, was not always a protected area. In fact, it was once considered a worthless swamp and was drained and developed for agricultural purposes in the early 20th century.
Calhoun County, located in the Panhandle region of Florida, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Seminole, before European explorers arrived in the 16th century. Spanish conquistadors established settlements in the region, and the territory came under British control in the 18th century, before being acquired by the United States in 1821.

The county was named after John C. Calhoun, a prominent American statesman and vice president under President John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. Calhoun County was officially established in 1838 and became a hub for agriculture, particularly cotton and timber. The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century further boosted the local economy, facilitating trade and transportation.

Over the years, Calhoun County played a significant role in various historical events. During the Civil War, the area saw military action as Confederate and Union forces clashed. The county also witnessed the aftermath of the Civil Rights Movement in the mid-20th century, with desegregation and efforts for equality shaping the community.

Today, Calhoun County continues to embrace its agricultural roots while adapting to modern challenges. The county's economy has diversified to include industries such as manufacturing and tourism, capitalizing on its natural beauty, including the Apalachicola River and nearby Gulf Coast. With a population that values its history and natural resources, Calhoun County remains a vital part of Florida's historical and economic fabric.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Calhoun County, Florida.

  • 1838 - Calhoun County was created by the Florida territorial legislature.
  • 184 NW 3rd Street, Blountstown became the county seat.
  • 1850 - The county's population was recorded at 1,447.
  • 1855 - The first courthouse was built in Blountstown.
  • 1930 - The population of Calhoun County reached its peak at 7,622.
  • 1948 - Hurricane Easy caused significant damage to the county.
  • 1964 - Calhoun County Historical Society was formed to preserve the county's history.
  • 1998 - Hurricane Earl hit Calhoun County, causing widespread destruction.
  • 2010 - The population of the county stood at 14,625.