National Register Listings in
Windham County, Connecticut

Abington Congregational Church Aldrich Free Public Library American Thread Company Ashford Academy Bosworth, Benjamin, House Bowen, Henry C., House Bowen, Mathew, Homestead Brayton Grist Mill Broad Street-Davis Park Historic District Brooklyn Green Historic District Bush Hill Historic District Butts Bridge Cady-Copp House Canterbury Center Historic District Cargill Falls Mill (Wilkinson Mill) Central Village Historic District Chandler, Capt. Seth, House Chaplin Historic District Church Farm Clark, Capt. John, House Crandall, Prudence, House Danielson Main Street Historic District Dayville Historic District Dorrance Inn Elliottville Lower Mill First Congregational Church of Plainfield Glen Falls Bridge Gwyn Careg Hampton Hill Historic District Hunt, Dr. Chester, Office Huntington, Samuel, Birthplace Israel Putnam School Jillson, William, Stone House Killingly High School, Old Knowlton Memorial Hall Lawton Mills Historic District Main Street Historic District Main Street Historic District (Boundary Increase) March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Manship Road-Barstow Road March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Old Canterbury Road March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Palmer Road March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Plainfield Pike March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Scotland Road Mixer Tavern Natchaug Forest Lumber Shed Nichols, George Pickering, House North Grosvenordale Mill Historic Disrict Old Westfield Cemetery Packerville Bridge Plainfield Street Historic District Plainfield Woolen Company Mill Pomfret Street Historic District Pomfret Town House Prospect Hill Historic District Putnam Farm Putnam High School Putnam Railroad Station Putnam, Israel, Wolf Den Quinebaug Mill-Quebec Square Historic District Quinebaug River Prehistoric Archeological District Ramsdell, Hezekiah S., Farm Site Sterling Hill Historic District Sumner-Carpenter House Taylor's Corner Temple Beth Israel Thompson Hill Historic District Trinity Church Union Society of Phoenixville House Unitarian Meetinghouse Wauregan Historic District Wheeler, Jonathan, House Willimantic Armory Willimantic Elks Club Willimantic Footbridge Willimantic Freight House and Office Windham Center Historic District Witter House Woodstock Academy Classroom Building Woodstock Hill Historic District Wylie School
The first public art museum in the United States was founded in Connecticut. The Wadsworth Atheneum, located in Hartford, opened its doors to the public in 1844.

Located in the northeastern part of Connecticut, Windham County has a rich history that dates back to the colonial era. The area was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Mohegan and Nipmuc tribes, who cultivated the land and used its resources for sustenance. However, during the early 1600s, European settlers began to establish their presence in the region.

In 1686, Windham County was officially incorporated, becoming the state's second county and named after the English town of Windham. The county quickly became known for its agricultural prowess, with prosperous farms and mills dotting the landscape. The first major industry in the area was iron manufacturing, which boomed in the 18th century and contributed to the county's economic growth.

During the American Revolutionary War, Windham County played a crucial role in the fight for independence. The Battle of the Frogs, a lesser-known engagement, occurred in Windham, where local militia defended the town against British forces. The county also saw significant contributions to the war effort through the production of uniforms, ammunition, and other supplies.

In the 19th century, Windham County experienced industrial and technological advancements, with the textile industry taking center stage. The county became a hub for cotton mills, which helped drive its economic prosperity. However, as with many other areas, the Great Depression hit Windham County hard, causing economic downturn and job losses. Despite these challenges, the county has endured, preserving its historical charm and continuing to thrive as a diverse and vibrant region.

  • 1686 - Windham County is founded and established as a county in Connecticut
  • 1719 - The town of Windham is incorporated within Windham County
  • 1763 - Pomfret is incorporated as a town within Windham County
  • 1786 - Brooklyn is incorporated as a town within Windham County
  • 1786 - Canterbury is incorporated as a town within Windham County
  • 1822 - Scotland is incorporated as a town within Windham County
  • 1822 - Hampton is incorporated as a town within Windham County
  • 1849 - Killingly is incorporated as a town within Windham County
  • 1855 - Plainfield is incorporated as a town within Windham County
  • Late 19th century - Industrial growth occurs in Windham County, with the expansion of factories and mills
  • Early 20th century - The textile industry in Windham County experiences a decline
  • 1964 - Quinebaug Valley Community College is established in Windham County
  • 1970s - Windham County experiences a revitalization, with a focus on historic preservation and tourism
  • Present - Windham County continues to be a rural area with a rich history and diverse economy