National Register Listings in
New London County, Connecticut

American Thermos Bottle Company Laurel Hill Plant Ames, Winslow, House Anshei Israel Synagogue Applewood Farm Ashlawn Avery Homestead Avery House Avery Point Lighthouse Avery, Thomas, House Backus, Nathaniel, House Bacon Academy Baltic Historic District Barns, Acors, House Bean Hill Historic District Bill, Gurdon, Store Blackledge River Railroad Bridge Bozrah Congregational Church and Parsonage Bradford-Huntington House Branford House Brewster Homestead Bridge No. 1860 Broad Street School Buckingham, William A., House Bulkeley School Burnett's Corner Historic District Carpenter House Carpenter, Joseph, Silversmith Shop Carroll Building Central Vermont Railroad Pier Champion, Henry, House Chapman, David, Farmstead CHARLES W. MORGAN Charlton, Capt. Richard, House Chelsea Parade Historic District Civic Institutions Historic District Clark Homestead Clark, Andrew, House Cogswell, Edward, House Coit Street Historic District Colchester Village Historic District Converse House and Barn Deshon-Allyn House Downtown New London Historic District Downtown New London Historic District (Boundary Increase) Downtown Norwich Historic District East District School Eastern Point Historic District Edward Bloom Silk Company Factory EMMA C. BERRY (Fishing Sloop) Eolia-Harkness Estate Fanning, Capt. Thomas, Farmstead Fish, Abel H., House Fort Griswold Fort Trumbull Gales Ferry Historic District No. 1 Gales Ferry Historic District No. 2 Gorton, William, Farm Graniteville Historic District Greeneville Historic District Griswold, Florence, House and Museum Groton Bank Historic District Hadlyme Ferry Historic District Hallville Mill Historic District Hamburg Bridge Historic District Harris, Jonathan Newton, House Hartford Colony Hayward House Hempstead Historic District Hempstead, Joshua, House Hempsted, Nathaniel, House Hodges Square Historic District House at 130 Mohegan Avenue Huntington Street Baptist Church Huntington, Col. Joshua, House Huntington, Gen. Jedidiah, House Huntington, Gov. Samuel, House Jail Hill Historic District Jordan Village Historic District Kinne Cemetery L. A. DUNTON Lamb Homestead Lathrop, Dr. Daniel, School Lathrop, Dr. Joshua, House Lathrop-Mathewson-Ross House Laurel Hill Historic District Lebanon Green Historic District Lee, Thomas, House Leffingwell Inn Lester, Nathan, House Lester, Timothy, Farmstead Lighthouse Inn Little Plain Historic District Little Plain Historic District (Boundary Increase) Long Society Meetinghouse Lord, Capt. Enoch, House Lyman Viaduct Main Sawmill Mechanic Street Historic District Merrill, James, House Mill Brook Bridge Miner, Samuel, House Montauk Avenue Historic District Monte Cristo Cottage Mystic Bank Mystic Bridge Historic District Mystic River Historic District New England Hebrew Farmers of the Emanuel Society Synagogue and Creamery Site New London County Courthouse New London Customhouse New London Harbor Lighthouse New London Ledge Lighthouse New London Public Library New London Railroad Station Noank Historic District North Stonington Village Historic District Norwich Hospital District Norwich Town Hall Norwichtown Historic District Noyes, William, Farmstead Occum Hydroelectric Plant and Dam Ohev Sholem Synagogue Old Lyme Historic District Oswegatchie Historic District Palmer, Capt. Nathaniel B., House Palmer, John, House Palmer, Luther, House Park, William, House Peck Tavern Pequot Colony Historic District Pequotsepos Manor Perkins-Bill House Perkins-Rockwell House Plant, Morton Freeman, Hunting Lodge Poquetanuck Village Historic District Post Hill Historic District Preston City Historic District Prospect Street Historic District Quaker Hill Historic District Randall, John, House Raymond-Bradford Homestead River Road Stone Arch Railroad Bridge Rocky Neck Pavilion Rossie Velvet Mill Historic District SABINO (steamer) Salem Historic District Shaw Mansion Slater Library and Fanning Annex Smith, Jabez, House Smith, Samuel, House Smith, Shubel, House Springbank St. James' Episcopal Church Stanton, Robert, House Stoddard, Capt. Mark, Farmstead Stonington Borough Historic District Stonington Cemetery Stonington Harbor Lighthouse Stonington High School Taftville Telephone Exchange Building Thames Shipyard The Seaside Tiffany, Simon, House Trumbull, John, Birthplace Turner, Dr. Philip, House U.S.S. NAUTILUS (submarine) Uncasville School United States Housing Corporation Historic District US Post Office-New London Main US Post Office-Norwich Main Waldo, Edward, House Walnut Grove War Office Whale Oil Row Wheeler Block Whitehall Mansion William Clark Company Thread Mill Williams Memorial Institute Williams Memorial Park Historic District Williams, William, House Wilson, John, House Winthrop Mill Woodbridge Farm Woodward, Ashbel, House Woodworth, Nathan A., House Yantic Falls Historic District Yantic Woolen Company Mill Yeomans, Edward, House
Connecticut played a key role in the Underground Railroad, which was a network of secret routes and safe houses that helped enslaved African Americans escape to freedom in the 19th century. Many abolitionists in Connecticut, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, provided assistance to escaped slaves.
New London County, Connecticut has a rich and diverse history dating back to the early 17th century. It was originally home to several Native American tribes, including the Pequots and Mohegans, who thrived in the fertile lands along the Thames River and Long Island Sound. The first European settlers arrived in the area in the early 1630s, establishing trading posts and forming alliances with the Native American tribes.

In 1646, New London was officially founded and soon became an important center for maritime trade and commerce. The town grew rapidly throughout the 18th century, attracting merchants, shipbuilders, and sailors from around the world. It played a significant role in the American Revolution as a hub for privateers, who were privately owned ships that were authorized to attack enemy vessels. New London was also a major port for the whaling industry, with numerous ships departing from its shores in search of valuable whale oil.

During the 19th century, New London County continued to prosper as a maritime center. It was a major hub for the shipping and shipbuilding industry, with many shipyards along the Thames River. The county also played a crucial role in the development of submarine warfare, as the United States Navy established the Naval Submarine Base in Groton in 1868. This base has since become the primary East Coast homeport for the Navy's fleet of nuclear-powered submarines.

In the 20th century, New London County experienced significant changes in its economic landscape. While the maritime industry declined, the county diversified its economy by attracting manufacturing, healthcare, and education sectors. Today, New London County remains an important center for education, with several colleges and universities located in the area. Its rich history, vibrant culture, and scenic beauty continue to attract tourists and visitors from around the world.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of New London County, Connecticut.

  • 1614 - Dutch explorer Adriaen Block visits the area that would later become New London County.
  • 1646 - English colonists establish the town of New London.
  • 1662 - The Connecticut Colony grants New London County its charter.
  • 1692 - The town of Stonington is incorporated.
  • 1784 - The city of Norwich is incorporated.
  • 1786 - The town of Groton is incorporated.
  • 1848 - The city of New London is incorporated.
  • 1869 - The city of Norwich becomes the county seat.
  • 1951 - The Naval Submarine Base New London is established in Groton.