Historical Markers in
Fairfield County, Connecticut

19th & 20th Century Immigrants 248 Main Street A Calf Pasture Primer A Habitat Renewed A Much-Loved Old Church and a Watering Trough for Horses Abraham Lincoln’s Visit Academy Hill Historic District Andrew Roland House Andrew Ward Memorial Bailey Avenue: A Short-Cut to the Train Station Bake Oven and Upper Level Structures Ballard Park Barlow Circle Barton L. Weller Battle of Ridgefield Battle of Ridgefield Dead Battle of the Rocks Monument Battle of Westport Commemoration Benedict Arnold's Betrayal and Lieutenant Joshua King Bethel Bethel Railway Station - 1912 Bethel Soldier’s Memorial Bethel World War I Monument Birdsey’s Plain / Stepney Cemetery Birdsey’s Plain Methodist Church Birdsey’s Plain Stepney Baptist Church Bissell's – Destroyed by Two Conflagrations Black Soldiers Memorial Blacksmith Shop Boothe Homestead Boston & Maine ALCO 2-6-0 Mogul 1455 Branchville – A Center of Italian–American Life Bridgeport Bridgeport / Newtown Turnpike Bridgeport Korean War Memorial Bridgeport Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridgeport Veterans Memorial Bridgeport Vietnam War Memorial Bridgeport World War II Memorial Brookfield Brookfield Veterans Monument Bryant Electric Company World War I Monument Bryant Electric Company World War II Monument Burning of Norwalk Burr Hawley & Burritt General Store Burr Homestead Byram Veterans Memorial Camp Guardhouse Captain Clapp Raymond Captain David Judson House Captain John Carpenter Cemetery / Command Officer’s Quarters Charles Burr Todd Charles E. Rowell Charles Edward Ives – The Father of Modern Music Christ Episcopal Church Cemetery Gate Christopher Columbus City of Bridgeport 150th Anniversary City of Shelton Emergency Services Memorial Clocktower Museum Commodore Isaac Hull Bridge Company Street (Fireback Row) Compo Beach Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients Constitution Oak Cos Cob Country Lanes & City Streets CV Flatcar Cyrenius H. Booth Library Danbury Danbury 9-11 Memorial Danbury Area Korean War Memorial Danbury Area Vietnam War Memorial Danbury City Hall Wall Danbury Disasters Danbury During the Revolutionary War Danbury Fair Days Danbury Firsts Danbury Veterans Monument Danbury Women of Note Danbury World War II Memorial Danbury Yard Turntable Danbury – The Hat City Darien Darien Civil War and World War I Memorial Darien Combat Wounded Veterans Monument Darien Korean War and Vietnam War Memorial Darien World War II Memorial David Ogden House David Wooster Monument Disbrow Tavern Diversity in Danbury Dr. Hosea Hurlburt House Early Arrivals Easton Easton Remembers Easton World War II & Korean War Monument Edward A. Connell Heritage Park Elmwood Park Ensign James Benedict House Fairfield Fairfield Boulder Fairfield Honor Roll Fairfield Revolutionary War Memorial Fairfield Sons Memorial Fairfield Vietnam War Memorial Farming & Agriculture First Church of Christ Congregational First Congregational Church First Engagement First Settlement 1710 Fitch’s Point Flax Hill Monument Fort Hill Fort Stamford Founders and Proprietors Monument Freedom Shrine Freedom Tree Gen. David Wooster George C. Spader George Hull Home Lot George Washington Paused Here Godillot Carriage House Greens Farms Meeting House Greenwich Ninth District Veterans Memorial Greenwich Veterans Monument Greenwich World War I Memorial Guard House Harvesting from the Sea Higher Education Hillside Cemetery World War Memorial Historic Site Home of William Samuel Johnson Honor Roll Weston, Connecticut Huntington World War II Memorial In Commemoration In Memory of All Bethel Veterans In Memory of Lt. Rodney L. Stokes and Sgt. Julius G. Skyberg Industrial Strength Danbury Inventions & Innovations Isaac Tucker House Israel Putnam James Henry O’Rourke Jesup Green Jesup-Godillot House John J. Sullivan John Read, Gentleman John W. Leahy Jonathan Sturges Cottage Jonathan Trumbull Joseph Edward Turner, M.D. Keeler Tavern Keeler Tavern and the “Big Shop” Kenosia & Candlewood Lake McDougall Lewis Howard Latimer Liberty Tree Memorial Liberty Tree Memorial Lifeguarding History Long Hill World War I Memorial L’Ambiance Plaza Worker’s Memorial Main Street in the Late 1800s Major Samuel Comstock Marian Anderson Meeker's Hardware Memorial Monument Men of Greenfield Hill Merritt Parkway Toll Booth Plaza Michael F. Lione Memorial Park Mill Pond History Minuteman Monroe Monroe Korean War Memorial Monroe Veterans Memorial Monroe World War I Memorial Monroe World War I Memorial Monroe World War II Memorial Monument to Soldiers in Unknown Graves Monumental Moments Moorlands More of the Great Fire Museum Nash House Nathan Bulkley House New Canaan New Fairfield New Fairfield Fire Department Memorial New Fairfield Veterans Memorial Newtown Newtown Meeting House Newtown Veterans Memorial Nichols, Conn. World War Veterans Memorial Norfield Grange World War II Memorial Norwalk Norwalk Founded Norwalk World War I Memorial NYC Crane, “GCT-1” Officers Quarters Officers Quarters / Magazine Old City Center Square Old Congregational Burying Ground Old Danbury Station Old Greenwich Old Greenwich Yacht Club Old Hundred Oldest Cemetery 1684 Original Bell of Stepney Baptist Church Oscar E. Peck Out of the Ashes … Parish of St. Paul’s Pequot Swamp Fountain Perry Memorial Arch PFC John K. Goett Philips Cave Phineas Taylor (P.T.) Barnum Pinney Corners Place Where Wooster Fell Planted in Memory of Theodore Roosevelt Plumtrees Honor Roll Plumtrees School Pro Patria Putnam Cottage Putnam Memorial State Park Putnam's Escape Quarries, Abrasives and the "Fresh Air" Kids Radio Station 1BCG Raynal C. Bolling Redding Redding Citizens Rev. John Beach, A.M. Rev. Thomas Hawley House Reverend John Jones Memorial Ridgebury Congregational Church Ridgebury – George Washington Slept Here Ridgefield Ridgefield Veterans Memorial Ridgefield Veterans Monument Ridgefield, Connecticut Ridgefield, Connecticut Ridgefield's Colonial Plans Ring’s End Landing Roberto Clemente Rochambeau Roger Ludlow Roger Ludlow Rowayton Veterans Memorial Salute to Women – Veterans Day 1999 Savings Bank of Danbury at Bankers’ Row Schools and Education Second Oldest Cemetery in Greenwich Settlers Rock Settler’s Rock Shelton Shelton Locks Shelton Veterans Monument Shelton World War I Monument Shelton World War II Memorial Sherman Sherman Veterans Memorial Sherman World War I Memorial Site of Old Tavern of Greenfield Site of Trinity Church Site of "Verna" Smith Tavern – A Colonial Meeting Place Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument Sound Beach Railroad Station Southport Wharves Spring Grove Cemetery Veterans Memorial St. John's Episcopal Church St. Mary Church and Rectory St. Paul’s Church St. Paul’s Historic Graveyard Stamford Iraq War Memorial Stamford Old Town Hall Stamford Veterans Memorial Stamford Veterans Monument Stamford World War I Memorial State Police and the Benjamin Franklin School Stepney Fire House #1 Stepney Schoolhouse Stratford American Revolutionary War Memorial Stratford Civil War Memorial Stratford Disabled American Veterans Memorial Stratford Korean War Memorial Stratford Point Lighthouse Stratford Veterans Memorial Stratford Veterans Monument Stratford Vietnam Memorial Stratford World War I Memorial Stratford World War I Monument Stratford World War II Memorial Sybil Ludington Tashua Hills Taylor Farm Park Technocratic Cathedral The Battle of Ridgefield The Battle of Ridgefield, April 27, 1777 The Birds The British Invasion The Circus Comes to Town The Confederate Bell The Cos Cob Art Colony The Danbury Court House The Danbury Fire Department The Danbury Public Library The Danbury Raid The Elms Inn and Stebbins Homestead The First Society of Ridgefield The Gilbert House The Great Fire of 1895 The Hill Academy The Livery Stable and the First Catholic Church The Lounsbury House The Marvin Property The Merritt Parkway The News Around Town The Old Burying Ground at Byram Shore Road The Original Episcopal Church The Post Road Bridge The Ridgefield Train Station The Rochambeau Route 1781 – 82 The Seal of the City The Settlement of Stamford in 1641 The Settling of Danbury The Sporting Life The Spotting Tower and Railroad Warehousing The Stamford Lincoln The Town Common and Hauley House The Trumbull Library The Village Center in the Early 1900s The Village in the 1900s Thomas Sherwood Memorial Titicus: An Industrial Center To Honor the Men and Women of the City of Shelton To Our Brothers Tom Thumb Town of Redding World War I Memorial Trains, Trolleys & Transportation Trumbull Trumbull Veterans Memorial Trumbull Vietnam Veterans Memorial Park Trumbull Volunteer Fire Company #1 Trumbull World War I Memorial U.S.S. Maine Memorial Unknown Heroes Up This Road VFW Post 9460 Memorial Visitor Center (1893 Pavilion) Washington – Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Washington – Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Weir Farm National Historic Site Weston Weston Vietnam War & Persian Gulf War Monument Westport Korean War Monument Westport Vietnam War Monument Westport World War I Monument Westport World War II Honor Roll Westport World War II Memorial Wheeler House Wilton Wilton Roll of Honor Wilton Semaphore Wilton Veterans Memorial Winter Quarters of Putnam’s Division Wooster Square Ye Burying Yard Ye Olde King’s Highway "Mac’s Harbor" "Yogi" “Putnam’s Escape from Horseneck”
The city of Hartford, Connecticut was the site of the first-ever insurance company in the United States. The Hartford Fire Insurance Company was founded in 1810.
Fairfield County, located in the southwestern corner of Connecticut, has a rich history that spans thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by the indigenous Paugussett tribe, who lived off the land and engaged in trade with neighboring tribes. European settlers first arrived in the late 1630s, when men from Hartford purchased land from the Paugussett people, establishing the town of Stratford.

In the 18th century, Fairfield County played a significant role in the American Revolutionary War. The region saw several important battles, including the famous Battle of Ridgefield, where American forces fought against British troops. Fairfield County also served as a strategic location for supplying and supporting the Continental Army, as it provided access to both Long Island Sound and the Hudson River.

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Fairfield County experienced rapid industrialization and urbanization. Towns like Norwalk and Bridgeport became major manufacturing centers, producing goods such as textiles, machinery, and firearms. The growth of these industries brought an influx of immigrants to the area, particularly from Ireland and Italy, who played a vital role in its economic development.

Today, Fairfield County is known for its affluent communities, thriving business sectors, and cultural attractions. The county is home to renowned educational institutions, including Yale University in New Haven, and a variety of museums, theaters, and art galleries. With its picturesque coastline, charming towns, and proximity to New York City, Fairfield County continues to attract residents and visitors alike, preserving its rich history while embracing the opportunities of the present.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Fairfield County, Connecticut.

  • 1639 - Fairfield County is settled by English colonists from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1660 - The town of Fairfield is officially incorporated.
  • 1665 - The town of Norwalk is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1685 - The town of Stamford is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1724 - The town of Danbury is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1739 - The dividing line between Fairfield County and New Haven County is established.
  • 1784 - The town of Ridgefield is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1851 - The town of Bridgeport is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1871 - The town of Greenwich is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1974 - The town of Newtown is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 2000 - Fairfield County becomes the most populous county in Connecticut.