National Register Listings in
Alpine County, California

California was the site of the nation's first successful oil well in 1892. The well was drilled in the city of Los Angeles and produced about 25 barrels of oil a day. Today, California remains a major oil-producing state.
Alpine County, located in the Sierra Nevada mountain range of California, has a rich and fascinating history. The region was inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Washoe and Miwok, for thousands of years before European settlers arrived. These tribes lived off the land and utilized its resources for hunting, fishing, and gathering.

The area started to receive attention from European-Americans during the California Gold Rush in the mid-19th century. Miners flocked to the region in search of gold and silver, establishing settlements such as Silver Mountain City and Monitor. Alpine County was officially created in 1864 and named after the majestic peaks that dominate its landscape.

During the later years of the 19th century, Alpine County experienced a decline in mining activity. Many of the mining towns were abandoned, leaving behind ghost towns that still intrigue visitors today. However, the area soon found a new industry to sustain its economy: logging. Logging became a major occupation, with large quantities of timber being harvested and transported from the county.

In the early 20th century, Alpine County's population experienced a decline, partially due to the decrease in mining and the Great Depression. However, the area remained a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. Today, Alpine County welcomes visitors who come to explore its pristine natural beauty, enjoying activities such as hiking, camping, fishing, and skiing. Its rich history is still evident in the preserved ghost towns and historical sites, providing a glimpse into the county's past as well as its continued charm as a recreational paradise.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Alpine County, California.

  • 1864 - Alpine County is created by the California legislature, splitting from Amador County.
  • 1875 - The first courthouse in Alpine County is built in Silver Mountain City.
  • 1878 - Markleeville becomes the county seat, replacing Silver Mountain City.
  • 1880s - Mining declines in the county, leading to a population decrease.
  • 1928 - Highway 4 is completed, connecting Alpine County to the rest of California.
  • 1965 - Alpine County Library is established in Markleeville.
  • 1987 - The County Board of Supervisors adopts an ordinance prohibiting gambling.
  • 2010 - The population of Alpine County reaches its peak at 1,175.
  • 2018 - Alpine County celebrates its 150th anniversary.