Historical Markers in
Pima County, Arizona

Aero Spacelines B-377SG Agua Caliente Ranch and Hot Springs Airmen Memorial Bridge Ajo Train Depot Alameda Street Alameda Street Allande Footbridge Arizona's First Public School August 20th Park Avro AEW.Mk.2 Beechcraft AT-7 Beechcraft Model 2000A Beechcraft UC-45J Beechcraft UC-45J Bell HTL-7 Sioux Bell OH-58A Kiowa Bell UH-1H Iroquois (Huey) Bicentennial Moon Tree Boeing 737-300 Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner Boeing B-52D Stratofortress Bomber Boeing B-52G Stratofortress Boeing C-97G Boeing EB-47E Boeing EC-135J Boeing KB-50 J Boeing KC-97G Boeing VC-137B Boeing Vertol CH-46E Sea Knight British Aerospace AV-8C British Aerospace FA2 British Aerospace GR.5 Broadway Boulevard Budd RB-1 C-121A "Columbine 1" Camp Lowell 1866-1873 Cañada Del Oro Cannon-Douglass Residence Carlos Ygnacio Velasco House Carrillo Intermediate School Catalina Federal Honor Camp Cattle Tank Cavalry Barracks and Band Barracks Cessna U-3A (310) Chapel of San Pedro at Fort Lowell Charles O. Brown House Cienega Bridge Colossal Cave Mountain Park Commemorating the Raising of the First American Flag within the Walled City of Tucson Congress Street Congress Street Congress Street Convair B-36J Peacemaker Convair B-58A Hustler Convair C-131 (R4Y-1) Convair F-102A Convair T-29B Convent Street Convent Street Convent Street Coronado Hotel Corral Street Cottonwood Lane Council Street Court Street Curley School Cushing Street Dassault Étendard IVM Dassault Mystère IV A Fighter-Bomber Dassault-Breguet Dornier Alpha Jet A DeGrazia Gallery In the Sun Desert Homes Desert Laboratory Desert Life Does This Garden Seem Lush and Cool? Douglas A4D Skyhawk Douglas AIR-2A Genie Douglas B-26K Douglas C-117D (R4D-8) Douglas C-124 Globemaster Douglas C-133B Douglas C-54D Douglas C-9B Douglas EA-IF Douglas VC-118A Douglas WB-66D Destroyer Douglas YEA-3A Skywarrior Edward Nye Fish House El Conquistador Water Tower El Parque de Orlando y Diego Mendoza El Paso & Southwestern Depot and Park El Tiradito English Electric F.53 Lightning Epes Randolph Eusebio Francisco Kino, S. J. Exchange at the Presidio Fairchild C-123B Fairey AEW.3 First Municipal Airport in the United States Fokker C-31A Folland T. Mk. 1 Gnat Fort Lowell Fort Lowell Fort Lowell Fort Lowell 1873-1891 / Post Hospital Fouga CM.170 Magister Fourth Avenue Underpass Fox Tucson Theatre Franklin Avenue Garcés Footbridge General Dynamics F-111E General Dynamics F-16A Fighting Falcon George E. P. Smith Residence Granada Avenue Granada Avenue Grumman A-6E Intruder Grumman E-1 Grumman HU-16A Grumman OV-IC Grumman S2F-1S1(S-2F) Hacienda Moltacqua Hawker Mk 58 Hunter Hawker Siddeley FGA.1 Kestrel Headquarter's Buildings Hiram S. Stevens House Hired Man’s House – Who Lived Here?/Historic Preservation of the Hired Man’s House Historic Empire Ranch Historic Fourth Avenue Underpass Home for Ranch Families Home for Saguaros Honorable Frank Harris Hitchcock Hotel Congress Hugo O'Conor Hunting T.3A Jet Provost Infantry Barracks / Laundresses' Quarters Jackson Street Jácome’s John Campbell Greenway Kaman HH-43F Husky Kaman HOK-1 (OH-43D) Kitt Peak National Observatory Kris Eggle La Casa Cordova La Catedral de San Agustin Lemmon Rock Lookout Tower Leonardo Romero House Lockheed AP-2H Neptune Lockheed C-130A Lockheed C-130D Lockheed C-141B Lockheed EC-121T Lockheed F-104D Lockheed F-94C Lockheed L-049 Lockheed P-80B (F-80C) Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird Lockheed T-33A Lockheed VC-121A Lockheed VP-3A Orion Lockheed/Vega PV-2 Locomotive 1673 / Locomotora 1673 Main Avenue Main Avenue Main Gate Mansions of Main Avenue Martin 404 Martin B-57E Canberra Bomber Mc Donnell ADM-20C Quail McCormick Street McDonnell Douglas (Boeing) F/A-18A Hornet McDonnell Douglas F-15A McDonnell Douglas F-4C McDonnell F-101B McDonnell RF-101C Voodoo Meyer Street Meyer Street MiG-21PF Mikoyan Gurevich Mig-21PF Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15UTI Mikoyan-Gurevich Mig-17F (LIM-5) Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17PF (LIM-6MR) Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 MLD Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 Mil Mi-24D Hind-D Mission San Xavier del Bac Mission San Xavier del Bac N. W. Corner Adobe Wall of Spanish Presidio of Tucson N.E. Corner Adobe Wall of Spanish Presidio of Tucson North American CT-39A North American F-100C North American F-86H North American F-86L Northrop F-5B Northrop F-89J Northrop YC-125A Ochoa Street Officer Erik Hite Officers' Quarters Old Clarkston Cemetery Old Main One Story from the Barrio Viejo Padre-Eusebio-Francisco-Kino, S.J. Panavia Tornado IDS Pearl Street / Ott Street Pennington Footbridge Pennington Street Piasecki H-21C Workhorse Pima County Courthouse Piper U-11A (PA-23) Plaza de la Mesilla Plaza de las Armas Plaza Militar Post Hospital Presidential Aircraft Presidio San Agustín del Tucson Presidio Wall Presidio Wall & Pithouse Presidio Wall Camino Real Quartermaster Depot and Post Trader Quijotoa Raytheon AIM-7E Sparrow III Republic F-105D Republic F-105G Republic F-84C Republic F-84F Rillito Race Track Roy Place "Montgomery Ward" Building Rugged Pioneer Soldiers Ryan AQM-34L S. E. Corner Adobe Wall of Spanish Presidio of Tucson Saint Mary’s Road Santa Cruz Church Scott Avenue Scott Avenue Scott Avenue Seed to Sentinel Sentinel Peak Sentinel Peak Sepecat Jaguar GR. I Shenyang J-6A (MiG-19PF) Farmer Fighter Si We:begi Ha Ñeid Sikorsky CH-54A Tarhe (Skycrane) Sikorsky HH-3F Pelican Sikorsky HH-52A Seaguard Sikorsky JRS-1 (S-43) Sikorsky M-5G Dragonfly Sikorsky MH-53M Pave Low IV Sikorsky UH-198 Chickasaw Sikorsky VH-34C Siqueiros-Jácome House Site of Arizona's Second Territorial Capitol Sosa-Carillo-Frémont House Southern Pacific Railroad Southwest Corner of the Presidio Spanish War Veterans Monument St. Philip's in the Hills Steward Observatory Stone Avenue Stone Avenue Stone Avenue Sud Aviation Caravelle Teatro Carmen Temple Emanu-El Temple of Music and Art The Ajo Mining District The CCC Worker The Chief Trumpeter The City of Ajo The First Presbyterian Church in Tucson The Fort Lowell Flagstaff The Grotto at San Xavier del Bac The Korean War Memorial The Manning House The McMath Solar Telescope The Mine Manager's House The San Pedro River Valley The Settlers of Binghampton, Arizona The Stork's Nest The Tucson Plant Materials Center The Tucson Tragedy The Vacuum Telescope The WIYN Observatory These Immortal Chaplains Thiokol Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Museum To The Mormon Battalion Toole Avenue Tucson Tucson Old Walled City Tucsonans Killed in Action U.S.S. Arizona 1916 - Wilber L. "Bill" Bower U of A Outstanding Achievement Awards University Streetcar Line USS Arizona Mall Memorial Vail Sonoita Highway Veterans Memorial Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge Vickers Model 744 Vietnam War Memorial Villa Catalina Vought A-7E Corsair II Warner's Mill Westland HMA.8 Where Have All the Saguaros Gone? Who Lived Here? World of the Wash World War I Memorial World War II Memorial Park Wyatt Earp Shot Frank Stilwell...
The Apache Trail was built by prison labor: The Apache Trail is a scenic drive through the Superstition Mountains east of Phoenix. The road was built in the early 1900s using prison labor from the nearby Yuma Territorial Prison.
Pima County, located in southern Arizona, has a rich and diverse history that spans thousands of years. The area has been inhabited by Native American cultures for over 4,000 years, with the Hohokam and Tohono O'odham tribes leaving a strong cultural impact. The Hohokam people, known for their vibrant pottery and advanced irrigation systems, dominated the region from around 300 BCE to 1450 CE. The Tohono O'odham people continue to reside in the county today and have maintained many of their traditional customs and traditions.

European exploration began in the late 17th century, with the Spanish establishing Mission San Xavier del Bac in 1692 as part of their efforts to colonize the region. This mission, located in present-day Tucson, still stands as a testament to the Spanish influence in the area. In the early 19th century, the United States acquired this territory as part of the Gadsden Purchase, which also included parts of present-day New Mexico. This marked the beginning of Anglo-American settlement in the county.

Pima County played a significant role in the Western expansion of the United States during the mid-19th century. It served as a transportation corridor during the California Gold Rush, with stagecoach lines and military forts being established along the Tucson-Phoenix route. The county saw the establishment of Fort Lowell in 1866, which provided protection for settlers and travelers in the region. The arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in the 1880s further spurred the growth and development of Pima County, connecting it to major cities and fostering economic prosperity.

In the 20th century, Pima County experienced significant growth and urbanization. Tucson, the county seat and largest city, emerged as a major center of industry, commerce, and education. The area's ideal climate and natural beauty also attracted retirees and tourists. Pima County is home to several scenic landmarks, such as Saguaro National Park, Mount Lemmon, and Sabino Canyon. Today, Pima County continues to thrive economically, with diverse industries including aerospace, technology, healthcare, and tourism contributing to its success.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Pima County, Arizona.

  • 1775: Spanish explorers enter the region, establishing a presidio.
  • 1821: Mexico gains independence from Spain, and Pima County becomes part of the Mexican territory.
  • 1853: The Gadsden Purchase adds present-day Pima County to the United States.
  • 1864: Pima County is officially established by the Arizona Territorial Legislature.
  • 1877: Tucson, located in Pima County, becomes the state capital of the Arizona Territory.
  • 1912: Arizona becomes the 48th state, and Pima County remains an integral part of it.
  • 1939: The Davis-Monthan Air Force Base is established, contributing to the county's economy.
  • 1964: The University of Arizona's Lunar and Planetary Laboratory is founded in Pima County.
  • 1981: The Pima Air & Space Museum opens, becoming a popular attraction.
  • 2011: The shooting of U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords in Tucson garners national attention.