Historical Markers in
Cochise County, Arizona

Allen English Home Alvarado Hall Apache Pass Apache Pass - A Corridor Through Time Apache Scout Memorial Apache Spring Arizona Confederate Veterans Memorial Bascom-Cochise Meeting Site Benson Jail Benson Pioneer Cemetery Bird Cage Theatre Bisbee City Fire Hall Bisbee Golf Club Boothill Graveyard Brewery Gulch Buffalo Soldier Legacy Plaza Calumet and Arizona Mining Company Office Building Camp John A. Rucker A Military Outpost Camp Rucker and the Indian Scouts Camp Rucker Bakery and Commissary Camp Rucker Timeline Campbell & Hatch Saloon and Billiard Parlor Can Can Restaurant Carmichael Elementary School Carmichael General Store/U.S. Post Office Carmichael House/Sierra Vista Realty Cavalry Barracks Cavalry Mess Hall and Kitchen Centennial of Chiricahua Apache/U.S. Cessation of Hostilities 1886 Chief Cochise City Marshall Virgil Earp City of Bisbee Warrior Memorial Cochise County Bank Commanding Officer's Quarters Confederate Graves at Dragoon Springs Copper Queen Plaza Counter Intelligence Corp Memorial Curly Bill Brocius Killed Marshal Fred White Here Discovery of Ore Douglas International Airport Douglas Police Headquarters Douglas R.R. YMCA Dragoon Springs Stage Stop Ed Riggs Edward Schieffelin Erickson Family Cemetery Faraway Ranch First Fort Bowie Fort Bowie Fort Huachuca Four miles southeast at Council Rocks Geronimo Surrender Monument Grand Army of the Republic Memorial Headquarters Saloon Historic Gleeson Jail Hoptown How Camp Rucker received its Name Ice Hall In Memory of Lt. Robert G. Westlund Infantry Barracks John Ringo La Casita Restaurant Lehner Mammoth Kill Site Library Hall - The Douglas Public Library M. Calisher General Store Million Dollar Stope Mining Cabin Mormon Battalion Mormon Battalion Mormon Battalion Campsite Mule Pass Neil and Emma Erickson Old Camp Rucker Ranch Old Fort Bowie Old Pearce Post Office Owl Cafe and Tourist Hotel Palace Saloon and Pool Hall, 1905 Parke Camp Site Phelps Dodge General Office Building Post Cemetery Post Trader POW/MIA Monument Quartermaster Storehouse Railroad Avenue RC – 12G Crazyhorse Rex Allen Memorial Rose Tree Sacred Heart Church San Bernardino Ranch Schieffelin Hall Second Fort Bowie Soldiers Hole Southern Pacific Train Depot St. Paul's Episcopal Church Sulphur Springs The Bascom Affair The Battle of Apache Pass; July 15-16, 1862 The Butterfield Overland Mail The Chiricahua Apache The Chiricahua Apache Indian Agency The Coronado Expedition, 1540-42 The Ericksons: Pioneer Settlers The Grand Hotel The Importance Of Copper Mining The Lavender Pit The Mines of Tombstone The Oriental Saloon The San Simon Rest Area - Percy Jones, Jr. The San Simon Rest Area - Percy Jones, Jr. The Schwertner House, 1880 The Southern Pacific Railroad Depot, 1880 The Stage Station Ruin The Toggery, 1925 The Warren Ball Park The Willcox Women's Community Center Tombstone City Hall Tombstone Engine Co. No. 1 Tombstone, Arizona U. S. Army Mohawk (OV -1D) Union Soldiers Buried in Historic Cemetery United States Border Station "Unknown Soldiers" USO Club / NCO Annex / Army Service Club Veterans Pioneers Settlers Walter Douglas House Welcome to Boothill Graveyard Wheel of Progress Willcox Commercial Hotel, 1916
The world's largest solar telescope is located in Arizona: The Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope, located on the summit of Haleakala in Maui, Hawaii, is the largest solar telescope in the world. However, the next largest solar telescope, the McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope, is located at the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona.
Cochise County, located in southeastern Arizona, has a rich and diverse history that spans thousands of years. The area was originally home to various indigenous populations, including the Apache, Hohokam, and Sobaipuri people. These native groups lived off the land, hunting and practicing agricultural techniques, leaving behind remarkable artifacts and heritage sites.

The arrival of European settlers in the late 17th century brought significant changes to the region. The Spanish established missions and presidios, seeking to convert the native people to Christianity and assert control over the area. However, conflicts between the Apache and Spanish colonizers were frequent, as the Apache fiercely defended their territory and resisted colonization.

In the mid-19th century, tensions escalated in Cochise County as white settlers encroached upon Apache lands. One of the most notable figures of this time was Cochise, a prominent Apache chief who resisted the encroachment and fought against the US Army. Notorious conflicts such as the Battle of Apache Pass and the Apache Wars became synonymous with the region's history.

The establishment of mining towns in the late 19th century greatly influenced the development of Cochise County. Silver, gold, and copper mines attracted a wave of immigrants, creating bustling towns like Tombstone and Bisbee. These towns prospered for several decades, but by the early 20th century, the mining industry declined, leading to economic hardships for the county.

Today, Cochise County is known for its stunning landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and vibrant communities. It continues to attract visitors with its historical sites, including Tombstone's historic district and the Chiricahua National Monument, while embracing its Native American roots and celebrating the diverse cultural influences that have shaped the region.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Cochise County, Arizona.

  • 1850: Cochise County lands become part of the United States through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • 1860: The Butterfield Overland Mail establishes a stagecoach route through present-day Cochise County.
  • 1861: Cochise County is officially established as a county in the Arizona Territory.
  • 1877: Tombstone is founded and becomes one of the most prosperous mining towns in the region.
  • 1881: The infamous gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place in Tombstone.
  • 1886: Cochise County witnesses the surrender of Geronimo, marking the end of the Apache Wars.
  • 1915: The Cochise County Courthouse in Bisbee is completed, reflecting the wealth and importance of the mining industry.
  • 1961: The closure of the Bisbee copper mines leads to a decline in the county's economy.
  • 2003: The border town of Douglas becomes a key entry point for drug smuggling from Mexico.