National Register Listings in
Sebastian County, Arkansas

Adams, Harold, Office Building Arkansas 22, Old, Barling Segment Atkinson-Williams Warehouse Ayers, William, House Birney Safety Streetcar No. 224 Bonneville House Bracht, Karl Edward, House Breckinridge, C. R., House Camp Chaffee Historic District Camp Chaffee Historic District (Boundary Increase and Additional Documentation) Chambers, Oscar, House Christ the King Church Clayton, W. H. H., House Commercial Hotel Coop Creek Bridge Crow, Dr. Neil, Sr., House Dodson Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church Echols Memorial Christian Church Elmwood Cemetery Ferguson-Calderara House First Evangelical Lutheran Church Fishback Neighborhood Historic District Fitzgerald Historic District Fort Smith Masonic Temple Fort Smith National Cemetery Fort Smith National Historic Site Fort Smith US Post Office and Courthouse Fort Smith's Belle Grove Historic District Ft. Smith Confederate Monument Greenwood Gymnasium Greenwood Presbyterian Church Hackett Creek Bridge Harper, Robert Atlas, House Hartford Commercial Historic District Hartford Water Tower Jewish Cemetery Jones Memorial Methodist Church Knoble, Joseph, Brewery Maness Schoolhouse Maumelle Ordnance Works Locomotive #1 May-Lecta-Sweet Historic District Milltown Bridge Murphy, William J., House New Theatre Oak Cemetery Old Huntington Jail Old US 71-Jenny Lind Segment Rogers, Horace Franklin, House Saint Scholastica Convent Sebastian County Courthouse-Ft. Smith City Hall Sebastian County Jail, Old Sebastian County Road 4G Bridge Shaw, Tillman, House South Side Baptist Church Sparks, James, House Spirit of the American Doughboy Monument-Fort Smith St. Louis San Francisco (Frisco) Railway Steam Locomotive #4003 State Highway 96 Bridge United Hebrew Congregation Tilles Memorial Temple United States Air Force Locomotive #1246 Wanslow, Robert, House West Garrison Avenue Historic District (Additional Documentation) West Garrison Avenue Historic District (Boundary Increase)
Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, which was the largest land acquisition in U.S. history, and the state was later admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836.
Sebastian County, located in northwest Arkansas, has a rich history dating back to prehistoric times. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Quapaw, Osage, and Caddo. European exploration of the area began in the 17th century, with French explorers and trappers venturing into what is now Sebastian County. However, it wasn't until the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 that the United States gained control over the region.

In the early 1800s, the U.S. government relocated Native American tribes from the southeastern states to present-day Oklahoma, including the removal of the Quapaw from the area that is now Sebastian County. This paved the way for European-American settlers to move in and establish towns and communities.

Sebastian County was officially established in 1851 and named after William K. Sebastian, a U.S. Senator from Arkansas. The county became an important transportation hub with the construction of the Fort Smith Military Road in the 1830s, connecting the area to Fort Smith and the Mississippi River.

During the American Civil War, Sebastian County experienced significant turmoil. Located near the border between the Union and Confederate states, the county was the site of several skirmishes and battles. Fort Smith, a key strategic location, changed hands several times during the war. After the war, the county gradually recovered, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it experienced growth and development as an agricultural and industrial region.

Today, Sebastian County is a thriving area, with a diverse economy and a population of over 125,000 residents. It is home to Fort Smith, the county seat, a historically-rich city that preserves its heritage while embracing modern progress. The county boasts scenic natural beauty, historical landmarks, and a vibrant community that continues to shape its history.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Sebastian County, Arkansas.

  • 1818 - Sebastian County is established by the Arkansas territorial legislature.
  • 1832 - The Choctaw Nation is removed from the county as part of the Indian Removal Act.
  • 1852 - Fort Smith becomes the county seat.
  • 1861-1865 - Sebastian County is heavily impacted by the American Civil War.
  • 1872 - The county courthouse in Fort Smith is completed.
  • 1898 - The Ouachita and Ozark National Forests are established, covering parts of Sebastian County.
  • 1973 - The Fort Smith National Historic Site is established.
  • 1996 - The federal government recognizes the Fort Smith National Cemetery as an official national cemetery.