The Crater of Diamonds State Park, located in Murfreesboro, Arkansas, is the only diamond-producing site in the world that is open to the public. Visitors to the park can search for diamonds and other gems in the park's 37.5-acre diamond field.
Randolph County, located in the northeastern part of Arkansas, has a rich history dating back to prehistoric times. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Osage, Quapaw, and Cherokee. European exploration and settlement began in the early 19th century, with French trappers and hunters making their way into the region.

In 1815, the United States government acquired the area as part of the Louisiana Purchase, leading to an influx of settlers. Randolph County was officially established on October 29, 1835, named after John Randolph of Virginia, a prominent politician during that time. The county's growth was primarily driven by agriculture, with cotton becoming a dominant crop.

During the Civil War, Randolph County was the site of several significant events. It was occupied by both Confederate and Union forces at different times, resulting in clashes and skirmishes. The Battle of Pitman's Ferry in 1864, for example, saw a Union victory as they successfully defended against Confederate attacks.

After the war, Randolph County continued to develop economically. The arrival of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway in the late 19th century enhanced transportation and stimulated trade in the area. With the decline of cotton production, farmers diversified into other crops such as soybeans and corn. The establishment of small industries, particularly in the timber and logging sector, also contributed to the county's growth.

Today, Randolph County is known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities. Its historical sites, including the Randolph County Courthouse and Davidsonville Historic State Park, are popular attractions for visitors. The county's rich heritage, shaped by Native American influences and its role in the Civil War, is evident in its diverse cultural landscape.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Randolph County, Arkansas.

  • 1800s: Native American tribes, including the Osage and Quapaw, inhabit the area that will become Randolph County.
  • 1835: The Treaty of Washington is signed, removing Native Americans from the region and opening it up for settlement.
  • 1836: Randolph County is established on October 29th, becoming the 32nd county of the Arkansas Territory.
  • 1861-1865: Randolph County is heavily impacted by the American Civil War, experiencing battles, raids, and occupation by both Union and Confederate forces.
  • Late 1800s: The timber industry booms in Randolph County, leading to significant economic growth and population increase.
  • 1904: The town of Pocahontas becomes the county seat of Randolph County.
  • Early 1900s: Agriculture becomes the primary industry in the county, with cotton, corn, soybeans, and livestock being major commodities.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression deeply affects Randolph County, leading to high unemployment rates and economic hardship.
  • 1960s: The construction of the Eleven Point River Dam brings new recreational opportunities to Randolph County.
  • 1980s-1990s: The county experiences economic diversification, with the growth of industries such as manufacturing and healthcare.
  • Present: Randolph County continues to be known for its beautiful natural landscapes, outdoor recreational activities, and strong sense of community.