Historical Marker in
Poinsett County, Arkansas

The first Walmart store was opened in Rogers, Arkansas, in 1962 by Sam Walton, who went on to build one of the largest retail chains in the world. Today, Walmart is headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, and is one of the largest employers in the state.
Poinsett County, Arkansas has a rich history that dates back to the mid-19th century. It was named after Joel Poinsett, a former U.S. Secretary of War and diplomat who played a significant role in the acquisition of Florida. The area that would become Poinsett County was initially home to indigenous tribes, such as the Quapaw and Osage, before European settlers arrived in the area.

The county was officially established on February 28, 1838, making it one of the oldest counties in the state. During its early years, the economy of Poinsett County relied heavily on agriculture, particularly cotton farming. The fertile soil and favorable climate proved to be ideal for cultivating cotton, which became a major cash crop in the region.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Poinsett County experienced significant growth and development. With the arrival of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway in the 1880s, the county's transportation infrastructure was greatly improved. This allowed for easier shipment of crops and led to an increase in population and economic activity.

In recent history, Poinsett County has evolved and diversified its economy beyond agriculture. Manufacturing, healthcare, and education are now major industries in the area. The county is also known for its natural beauty, with attractions like Crowley's Ridge State Park offering outdoor recreation opportunities. Today, Poinsett County continues to thrive as a vibrant community with a blend of history, agriculture, and modern development.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Poinsett County, Arkansas.

  • 1820: Poinsett County, AR is organized and named after Joel Poinsett.
  • 1838: Indian Removal Act leads to the forced migration of Native American tribes, including the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw, who pass through Poinsett County.
  • 1859: The completion of the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad brings economic growth to the county.
  • 1861: Poinsett County residents support the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
  • 1873: The St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway expands transportation and trade opportunities in Poinsett County.
  • 1881: Lepanto, a town in Poinsett County, is incorporated.
  • 1900s: Agriculture becomes the primary economic activity in Poinsett County, with cotton being the main crop.
  • 1904: Trumann, another town in Poinsett County, is incorporated.
  • 1927: The Great Mississippi Flood affects Poinsett County and surrounding areas, leading to significant damage.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression causes severe economic hardship for Poinsett County residents.
  • 1942: The construction of the World War II-era Walnut Ridge Army Airfield brings jobs and economic growth to the county.
  • 1960s: Poinsett County experiences social and political changes, including the civil rights movement.
  • 2000s: Poinsett County continues to be primarily agricultural, with a shift towards diversified crops.