Arkansas was one of the first states in the U.S. to enact a statewide prohibition on the sale and consumption of alcohol, passing the law in 1915. Prohibition was repealed in the state in 1933, shortly after the end of the nationwide prohibition era.
Newton County, located in the Ozark Mountains of northwestern Arkansas, has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Osage and Quapaw, who relied on hunting, fishing, and agriculture for their livelihoods. European exploration of the region began in the late 17th century, and by the early 19th century, settlers began to establish homesteads in the area.

The county, named after Thomas W. Newton, was officially organized on December 14, 1842. Throughout the 19th century, Newton County was primarily a rural, agrarian community. The fertile soil allowed for the cultivation of crops such as wheat, corn, and tobacco, and farming became the backbone of the local economy. In addition to agriculture, the county also had a wealth of natural resources, including timber and minerals, which spurred the development of mining and logging industries.

The Civil War had a significant impact on Newton County, as it did on much of the state of Arkansas. The region witnessed several skirmishes and battles, including the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern in 1862. The county was also the site of the Newtonia and Cane Hill battles, both of which were part of the larger Trans-Mississippi Theater of the war.

In the 20th century, Newton County experienced significant changes and challenges. The decline of agriculture led to a shift towards tourism and outdoor recreation. With its stunning natural beauty, including the Buffalo National River and the Ozark National Forest, the county became a popular destination for those seeking outdoor adventure, such as hiking, fishing, and camping. Today, Newton County continues to embrace its natural resources while preserving its unique cultural heritage, making it a beloved destination for both locals and visitors alike.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Newton County, Arkansas.

  • 1828 - Newton County is established as the 46th county in Arkansas.
  • 1830s - Early settlers begin moving into the area, primarily settling near the Buffalo National River.
  • 1860s - Newton County experiences turmoil during the Civil War, with both Union and Confederate forces occupying the area at different times.
  • 1890s - The growth of mining in the region, particularly zinc mining, leads to an economic boom in Newton County.
  • 1930s - The construction of the Buffalo River Road brings increased accessibility and tourism to the county.
  • 1972 - The Buffalo National River becomes the first national river in the United States, bringing further recognition to Newton County.
  • 1992 - The area is hit by a devastating flood, causing significant damage to homes, businesses, and infrastructure.
  • Present - Newton County remains a picturesque destination for outdoor enthusiasts, known for its scenic beauty, outdoor recreation opportunities, and small, close-knit communities.