The Crater of Diamonds State Park, located in Murfreesboro, Arkansas, is the only diamond-producing site in the world that is open to the public. Visitors to the park can search for diamonds and other gems in the park's 37.5-acre diamond field.
Grant County, Arkansas, located in the southwestern part of the state, has a rich history dating back to the Native American tribes that once inhabited the area. Prior to European settlement, the Caddo and Quapaw tribes were the dominant groups in the region. The first European explorers arrived in the early 18th century, but it wasn't until the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 that the area became part of the United States.

In the early 19th century, settlers began to arrive in what would become Grant County, attracted by its fertile farmland and abundant natural resources. The first permanent settlement in the county was established in 1832 and named Prattsville after its founder, John Pratt. The county was officially created in 1869 and was named in honor of Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th President of the United States.

During the Civil War, Grant County, like much of Arkansas, was deeply divided. The county saw frequent skirmishes and battles between Confederate and Union forces. One notable engagement was the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry in 1864, where Union troops successfully repelled a Confederate attack. The war had a significant impact on the county's economy and infrastructure, but it rebounded in the post-war years.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Grant County experienced a period of economic growth fueled by timber, agriculture, and railroads. Lumber mills were established, and the county became known for its timber industry. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, also played a vital role in the county's economy. The construction of rail lines in the late 1800s opened up new markets and facilitated the transportation of goods, further boosting the local economy.

Today, Grant County is a primarily rural area known for its picturesque landscapes, recreational opportunities, and strong sense of community. While it has undergone some demographic and economic shifts in recent decades, the county continues to honor its history and preserve its natural beauty. From its Native American roots to the struggles of the Civil War and the subsequent growth, Grant County's history is woven into the fabric of Arkansas's past.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Grant County, Arkansas.

  • 1800: Native American tribes, including the Caddo and Quapaw, inhabited the area that would become Grant County
  • 1840s: European settlers began arriving in the region and establishing communities
  • 1869: Grant County was officially created by the Arkansas General Assembly
  • 1874: The town of Sheridan was incorporated as the county seat
  • Early 1900s: Grant County experienced a period of growth and development, with the establishment of schools, churches, and businesses
  • 1930s: The Great Depression caused economic hardships in the county, but efforts were made to provide relief and improve infrastructure
  • 1960s: Grant County saw increased industrialization, including the establishment of lumber and manufacturing industries
  • 1980s: The county experienced a decline in population as the agricultural and manufacturing sectors faced challenges
  • Present: Grant County continues to be a predominantly rural area with a focus on agriculture, while also embracing tourism and outdoor recreational activities
  • Future: The county aims to promote economic growth, attract new businesses, and preserve its natural resources for future generations