The Crater of Diamonds State Park, located in Murfreesboro, Arkansas, is the only diamond-producing site in the world that is open to the public. Visitors to the park can search for diamonds and other gems in the park's 37.5-acre diamond field.
Fulton County, AR is located in the northeastern part of the state and has a rich and diverse history. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Cherokee and Osage, who utilized the region's abundant natural resources for their livelihoods. However, with the arrival of European settlers in the early 19th century, the indigenous population was gradually displaced.

The establishment of the county itself dates back to December 1842, when the Arkansas State Legislature organized Fulton County, naming it after William Fulton, the last governor of the Arkansas Territory. The county seat was initially located in Salem, but it was later moved to its current location in Salem.

During the Civil War, Fulton County experienced its fair share of conflicts between Confederate and Union forces. Several battles were fought in the area, including skirmishes along the nearby Spring River. In 1862, Union troops occupied the county, leading to tensions and incidents of guerrilla warfare. Following the war, Fulton County slowly began to rebuild and develop economically.

Economic development in the county primarily revolved around agriculture, with families relying on livestock farming, timber, and crop cultivation. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the arrival of the railroad brought increased opportunities for trade and commerce. Small towns and communities in Fulton County sprang up around the railroad stations, further contributing to the county's growth.

In the 20th century, Fulton County experienced ups and downs as it dealt with challenges such as the Great Depression and subsequent economic struggles. However, the county persevered and continued to adapt, focusing on industries like poultry farming and manufacturing. Today, Fulton County is a picturesque region known for its scenic beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and vibrant local culture.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Fulton County, Arkansas.

  • 1842 - Fulton County is established as the 42nd county of Arkansas.
  • Early 1800s - Native American tribes like the Cherokee and Osage inhabit the region.
  • Late 1800s - European settlers begin to arrive in the area.
  • 1880s - The railroad expands into Fulton County, leading to population growth and economic development.
  • 1890s - The first courthouse is constructed in Salem, the county seat.
  • Early 1900s - Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, becomes the main economic activity.
  • 1938 - Mammoth Spring State Park is established, attracting tourists to the area.
  • 1942-1945 - World War II leads to an increase in manufacturing jobs and military training in the county.
  • 1960s - The norfork Dam is completed, which creates Norfork Lake and boosts tourism and recreational activities.
  • 1990s - A decline in agriculture and a shift towards tourism, retail, and healthcare sectors in the county's economy.
  • 2009 - The county celebrates its 167th anniversary since its establishment.