During the Civil War, Arkansas was a Confederate state, and the battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove were fought in the state. In addition, the city of Little Rock was occupied by Union troops for much of the war.
Drew County, Arkansas has a deep and rich history that spans several centuries. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Quapaw and Osage, who established settlements along the rivers and in the forests. In the mid-18th century, French and Spanish explorers arrived in the region, establishing trade routes and forges. The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 brought the territory under American control, leading to increased settlement and the eventual formation of Drew County.

The county itself was established on November 26, 1846, named in honor of Thomas S. Drew, the third governor of Arkansas. The remote and fertile land attracted settlers, primarily from the southern United States, who began cultivating cotton and other crops, leading to a boom in agricultural production. The county quickly developed into an important center for the timber and lumber industries, with numerous sawmills and steam-powered planing mills being established.

The American Civil War had a significant impact on Drew County. Like many areas in the South, the county experienced divisions between Confederate and Union sympathizers. While the majority of residents supported the Confederacy, there were several guerrilla warfare incidents and clashes between Confederate and Union troops. After the war, Drew County went through a period of reconstruction and rebuilding, as the economy adjusted to post-war conditions.

In the 20th century, Drew County experienced various changes and developments. The advent of the railroad in the late 19th century led to increased accessibility and facilitated trade, boosting the local economy. The county also saw the growth of educational institutions, such as the establishment of the Arkansas A&M College, now known as the University of Arkansas at Monticello. Today, Drew County continues to be an agricultural and educational hub in Arkansas, maintaining its historical significance while embracing progress and growth.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Drew County, Arkansas.

  • 1815: Drew County, Arkansas is established.
  • 1824: The county seat is established in the town of Monticello.
  • 1829: The first courthouse in Drew County is built in Monticello.
  • 1836: The county's first newspaper, the Monticello Advocate, is established.
  • 1852: The first railroad line is built in Drew County.
  • 1861: Drew County residents vote in favor of secession and support the Confederacy during the Civil War.
  • 1870: Drew County's population reaches over 8,000.
  • 1905: Monticello A&M College (now the University of Arkansas at Monticello) is established.
  • 1933: The Monticello Post-Dispatch newspaper begins publication.
  • 1947: Monticello A&M College becomes the University of Arkansas at Monticello.
  • 1986: The Drew County Historical Museum opens in Monticello.
  • 2002: The Drew County Fair celebrates its 100th anniversary.