The Crater of Diamonds State Park, located in Murfreesboro, Arkansas, is the only diamond-producing site in the world that is open to the public. Visitors to the park can search for diamonds and other gems in the park's 37.5-acre diamond field.

Desha County, located in southeastern Arkansas, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. Native American tribes such as the Quapaw inhabited the region long before European settlement. The area was explored by French explorers in the 17th century and later became part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

The county was officially established in 1838 and named after Captain Benjamin Desha, a hero of the War of 1812. During the antebellum period, Desha County was primarily an agricultural community, with cotton becoming the dominant crop. Slavery was prevalent, and many wealthy planters resided in the county. The Civil War brought significant changes, as the region was occupied by Union troops and experienced economic disruption.

Following the war, Desha County struggled to recover economically. Reconstruction brought political and social challenges, and the emergence of the sharecropping system further complicated matters for the predominantly rural county. However, in the late 19th century, the county's economy started to stabilize with the construction of railroads and the development of timber and lumber industries.

Throughout the 20th century, Desha County continued to rely on agriculture, particularly cotton and soybeans. The county faced challenges during the Great Depression and World War II but rebounded economically in the post-war years. Today, Desha County remains primarily rural, with a focus on agriculture. It is known for its natural beauty, fertile farmland, and historical sites, which attract tourists interested in learning about the county's unique history.

  • 1813: Desha County established as a county in the Arkansas Territory.
  • 1838: Desha County became a part of the new state of Arkansas.
  • 1861-1865: Desha County residents served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.
  • Late 19th century: Desha County experienced growth due to the expansion of the railroad.
  • Early 20th century: Agriculture became the main economic activity in Desha County, with cotton being the primary crop.
  • 1927: Floodwaters from the Mississippi River devastated Desha County, leading to significant damage and loss of life.
  • Mid-20th century: Desha County saw a decline in agricultural activity and population due to mechanization and changing economic conditions.
  • 1970s-1990s: Desha County experienced economic challenges and population decline, with many young people leaving for better opportunities elsewhere.
  • 2010s: Efforts to revitalize Desha County's economy through tourism, agriculture diversification, and community development initiatives.