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During the Civil War, Arkansas was a Confederate state, and the battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove were fought in the state. In addition, the city of Little Rock was occupied by Union troops for much of the war.
Clark County is located in the southwestern part of the state of Arkansas in the United States. The county was named after William Clark, a renowned explorer and co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Settlement in the area began in the early 1800s, with pioneers attracted to the fertile lands along the Caddo River. One of the first communities established was Caddo, which served as the county seat until it was relocated to Arkadelphia in 1842.

During the Civil War, Clark County was divided in its loyalties. Many residents supported the Confederacy, while others sided with the Union. The Battle of Poison Springs, fought in 1864, was a significant event in the county's history, as Confederate forces, including local civilians, clashed with Union troops. The battle resulted in a Union victory, but with heavy casualties on both sides.

After the war, the economy of Clark County shifted from agriculture to industry. The arrival of the railroad in the late 1800s brought new opportunities for trade and transportation, leading to the growth of towns like Gurdon and Okolona. The timber and mineral resources in the county also provided a boost to the local economy, with the lumber industry playing a prominent role for many decades.

In recent years, Clark County has continued to develop, embracing new industries such as manufacturing and healthcare. The county is home to Henderson State University, a higher education institution that has been a central figure in the community since its founding in 1890. Today, Clark County remains a vibrant and diverse region, blending its rich history with a modern outlook for the future.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Clark County, Arkansas.

  • 1806 - Clark County is established as part of Missouri Territory
  • 1818 - Arkansas Territory is created, including Clark County
  • 1828 - First county courthouse is built in the newly established county seat of Greenville
  • 1832 - Greenville is renamed Clarksville in honor of William Clark, of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • 1856 - Clarksville becomes the first incorporated town in the county
  • 1861-1865 - Clark County residents actively participate in the American Civil War
  • 1879 - Clarksville re-incorporated as a city
  • 1910 - Gurdon, a town in Clark County, is incorporated
  • 1932 - Gurdon becomes the site of Caddo Valley Village, a New Deal resettlement project
  • 2005 - Gurdon hosts first annual International Big Foot Conference, promoting local legend